Part of Unit: Personal and Group Safety
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
This lesson will prepare students to identify the different types of fires and fire extinguishers and what to do when there is an emergency.
- A Single Class Period of
- 1 Hour
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- ANR.B.B1.1 Practice the rules for personal and group safety while working in an agricultura...
- ANR.B.B1.2 Know the relationship between accepted shop management procedures and a safe wor...
- ANR.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- ANR.FS.5.1 Apply appropriate problem-solving strategies and critical thinking skills to wor...
- ANR.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
- ANR.FS.6.1 Know policies, procedures, and regulations regarding health and safety in the wo...
- ANR.FS.6.4 Maintain safe and healthful working conditions.
- ANR.FS.6.6 Know how to both prevent and respond to accidents in the agricultural industry.
Objectives and Goals
- Students will understand the causes of fires and the relationship of the fire triangle.
- Students will identify the different types and cause of fires and apply them to fire prevention
- Students will identify the different types of fire extinguishers and their uses.
- Students will know what to do in the event of an emergency and react to perform the necessary measures to ensure their safety and the safety of their classmates.
Activities in this Lesson
- Fire Marshall Bill - Hooks / Set
When students enter the room I either have the attached information on "types of fires" printed and hand it out to them or just projected onto the screen at the front of the room and tell them to write down the types and definitions. Either way, they will need this information in order to identify the types of fire emergencies that occur in the video we are going to watch together as a group to determine if they can accurately identify where they occur.
What the students don't know is, this video is from the old television show In Living Color and has Jim Carey doing his Fire Marshall Bill character setting up some precarious situations involving fire safety for an actual classroom of "students". I have found it to be a fun way to start our conversations about fire safety and situations that can be prevented while still illuminating real classifications of combustibles.
Show the video and have them identify each class of fire they observe on their notes and then discuss once the video is done. After this video, I ask for students to more seriously consider the video via a couple of minutes discussing some situations where we might not be paying attention but creating a fire hazard in the shop. Especially the mixture of hot metal (or sparks) and paper or some other fuel (clothing, oils, etc.) and various accelerants that might be common in our shop.
- Fire Marshall Bill [ Watch Video ] [ Download Original Video ] This video has Jim Carey doing his Fire Marshall Bill character setting up some precarious situation involving fire safety. I have found it to be a good start to conversations about fire safety and situations that can be prevented.
- types of fires [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] these are the various types of fires with their respective classifications
- Fire Safety and Emergency Power Point - Lecture
During the next lecture, I have an example of the different types of fuels (as many as possible) to give students the opportunity to picture the different types of fires. In addition, I have one of each of the Fire Extinguishers as an example. As we go through the Power point, I discuss with the students the different types of fires and reasons why they have to be dealt with differently and what part of the fire triangle the extinguisher removes in order to put out the fire.
- Fire Safety and Emergencies Notes Handout [ Download ] This is the students notes handout that corresponds with the Fire Safety and Emergencies Power Point
- powerpoint presentation on fire safety [ Download ] This power point contains descriptions of the different classification of fires and fire extinguishers. It also has the right procedures in the event of an emergency.
- Preparing for the Use and Technique Demonstration - Lab / Shop
It is imperative before doing this lab you contact your administrators and local fire department to determine if and how you can perform this next activity at your school site. Additionally, your school or district's fire extinguisher service company most likely will provide a certified staff member to come out and perform the next activity with you and your students as part of their regular ongoing contract. In many instances, there are also funds for this activity (training) available from your district's insurance company. Let's take a look at how this is typically set up for the students.
- Proper Use and Technique for using a Fire Extinguisher - Demo / Modeling
Using a metal tray (at least 4' X 4' with 6" tall sides just to be safe ) fill with a thin layer of diesel. It can be lit with one of those extra thick, long fire pit matches THAT IS ALSO attached (with duct tape) to an 8' pole. It is important to not light directly, which the specialist will be trained to set up properly. Next demonstrate how to safely put out the fire using sweeping motions that do not expel the fuel out of the burn area. With the following steps: 1) Pull the pin 2) press the lever 3) Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire starting 15' out coming in very low 4) Sweep back and forth until the fire is out.
It is important to stress to students that standing too close to the fire intitally and directing a solid, unmoving stream of retardant from the extenguisher at the fire and its fuel source will simply launch the burning fuel all over the place and create a much worse situation.
In the event that it is not possible to conduct this activity directly on-campus with your students, there are a number of good instructional videos online that show the proper PASS (Pull the pin, Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire, Squeeze the trigger, Sweep slowly side to side) technique as well. One is provided below.
- Summary - Closure
Today, we have learned an important life skill that can be applied outside of the shop, as well as in the shop. Think back to when it was your turn to put out the fire. How did you feel? What were the thoughts going through your mind? Today, we did this under controlled circumstances, next time maybe an actual emergency, which will bring a different environment all together. How will you respond?
- General Assessment - Assessment
Seek out and check off safe items in the shop using the list provided below.
- Shop Safety Check-List [ Download ]
- Assessment Types:
- Observations, , Activity
The assessment and coaching took place during the actual activity where students demonstrate their knowledge of the skill of using a fire extinguisher. This is one of those activities, that is a credit or no credit assignment. It teaches a very valuable life skill, which your students will take with them beyond high school into their daily lives.