Part of Unit: Causes and Effects of Diseases and Illnesses in Animals
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Students will observe animals (livestock to pets) using all 5 senses to determine health or illness. Students will also take temperature and respiration rates and compare their findings with the norm for that species.
- Time required
- 96 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- ANR.D.D6.1 Understand the signs of normal health in contrast to illness and disease.
- ANR.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- ANR.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.5 Extend ideas presented in primary or secondary sources through original analysis...3
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.6 Demonstrate use of sophisticated learning tools by following technical direction...2
Objectives and Goals
- Students will recall the 5 senses (sight, sound, smell, touch and hearing)
- Students will record observations of an animal using their 5 senses
- Students will compare and contrast normal health to sickness in an animal
- Students will check respiration rates and temperature of an animal and compare to normal rates and temps
Activities in this Lesson
- Need for daily observation - Hooks / Set
As I begin the class, I begin to show signs of sickness. Coughing, uncontrollable sneezes, a horribly hoarse voice and loud annoying blowing of my nose. Students will begin to ask about my welfare (wow your sick, do you have a cold, fever, soar throat). Sincerely I ask, why would you think I'm sick? As they respond, I write down their observed symptoms of my supposed "sickness".
- Review the 5 senses - Lecture
I propose that by using the 5 senses daily when dealing with animals, you will be able to detect illness when it occurs. Ask students what senses did they use in determining that I was sick (hearing me cough, the sound of my voice, the sight of blowing my nose). I then ask for examples of smell in a sick animal (manure change, infection, breath) and then examples for touch (higher temp, cold, swollen, liquid). Further discussion goes into all 5 areas. Sight (not getting up to eat, not eating, diarrhea, isolation), sound (respiratory distress, no sound in belly action, coughing) .
- Materials - Other
1-Animal (if you have animals at a school farm, great, if not a dog works well.
2-Thermometer and lubricant
3-Lab sheet with temperature and respiration chart (add your own onto the lab sheet provided)
- Observing Animals Lab [ Download ]
- Observing Animals - Lab / Shop
1-Handout "Lab Sheet" and review it with students
2-Ask probing questions about observing Posture, Movement, Voice, Appetite, Mating Activity, Sleeping Habits and Social Behaviors
3-Take students to animal or bring animal into classroom
4-Give the students 5 minutes to write down anything they can think of about that animal in the "General Observation" area of the lab sheet.
5-The animal then needs to be safely and humanely restrained (at this point go into correct handling and restraint for the particular species used).
6-Students (a few) will then lubricate the thermometer and correctly take temperature for the classes use.
7-Discuss with the class about breathing and respiration rates, demonstrate how to take respiration and discuss how this could be used in diagnosing a sick animal.
8-Students (another few will then count respiration rate) provide normal respiration chart of a variety of species. Results are then shared with the class.
9-After that time, students are then to record the results in the "Observations" section of the lab sheet and answer questions.
- Assessment Types:
- Demonstrations, Observations, Quiz
Lab sheet will be used as assesment and for grading puposes.