Part of Lesson Plan: Vital Signs
Activity Overview / Details
Ask students-What are all the different places on the body you can measure temperature using a thermometer. As students give different routes list them on the white board along with the correct medical term.
Oral - mouth (under tongue)
- normal range: 96.0F - 100.0F
- most common for adults and older children
- thermometer is placed under tongue
- if patient has recently had anything to eat or drink , need to wait 10 - 20 minutes
- patient must keep mouth closed entire time
- should not be used on a patient who is having difficulty breathing
Axillary - armpit
- least accurate way to measure temperature
- usually is one degree less than a person's oral temperature
Example: If oral is 98.6F, axillary will be 97.6F
Rectal - rectum
- measures core body temperature
- most accurate way to measure temperature
- usually is one degree higher than a person's oral temperature
Example: If oral is 98.6F, rectal will be 99.6F
Tympanic - ear
- also called aural
- quickest way to take temperature
Ask students: How would the following situations effect an individual's body temperature?
Certain drugs such as stimulants or depressants?
Discuss other factors that can cause a temperature to vary.