Part of Unit: Orientation/The World of Architecture
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
The students will be introduced to three of the early traditional, colonial home styles. They will view examples and learn the characteristics of these styles.
The teacher will lecture, display pictures and guide students in a sketching activity.
- one class
- 60 Hours
California Career and Technical Education Standards
Objectives and Goals
- Identify the historical influences that helped shape today's home design.
- Label sketches of three homestyles with their unique features
Activities in this Lesson
- Who was the very first architect? - Hooks / Set
Ask the students this question. -- Who was the very first architect?
Have students offer their Ideas. Now ask," What does an architect do?
The field of architecture developed as people invented sturctures that would meet the needs of their families and to protect them from the climates where they live.
My answer: I think that the caveman that moved out of the open, into a cave, was the first architect or the family that stacked stone to protect themself from the wind were the first builders.
- New England Climate - Group Work
Instruction for group activitiy -
Many of our modern home designs are based of homes from Colonial America. Form small groups and have them make a short list of climatic conditions found in the early American settlements. After three or four minutes, have each groups share their ideas. List the requirements for these early American homes. Have a student from each group share these requirements with the class.
- Home Style Handout or Projection - Lecture
Handout and/or project the sketched drawing of:
Cape Cod, Cape Ann and Garrison homestyles
As students look at the drawing, point out the the key features of each style. Explain how each feature evolved.
Cape Cod - Small homes with central chimney. Steep roof with little overhang. Functional shutters.
Cape Ann - Gambrel roof for added space upstairs. Large central chimney.
Garrison - Unique overhanging second story (borrowed for the fort design). Attic space for storage. Carved corner brachets to add stylish touch.
- Early Traditional Home Styles [ Download ] Handout
- Sketching activity - Traditional Homes - Lab / Shop
As students look at the handout or screen, have them use their sketching skills (from previous instruction) to sketch these three colonial styles. Have them add the unique features.
As they draw, have the students memorize the features of each design from the notes on the handout.
- Can you identify the features for each design? - Assessment
Take up the handouts, for future use, or turn off the projector.
Have the students list the features of each style next to their drawings (without looking at the handout or screen).
Once completed, read the list of characteristics again and have the students write in the ones they forgot.
Look at the students' work and give feedback on sketching quality and detail accuracy.
- Restate the objective - Closure
You should now be able to identify the historical influences that helped shape today's home design, identify key features of early American designs and you have sketched examples of three early American home designs.