Part of Unit: Section Plan Layouts
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Students are helped to understand floor plans, interior elevations, details and section cuts by first observing the cuts of various (non-architectural) objects. Students are introduced to the definition of and importance of a section view through interactive lecture accompanied by a power-point. To further model the section concept and teach about cutting planes, students observe various cuts of a bell pepper. Students then attempt in pairs to locate the cutting planes on architectural drawings when given correlating floor plans, elevations and section views. Instructor assesses through observation and assistance when needed.
- 10 Days
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- ED.C.C7.1 Understand the function of sectional views.
- ED.C.C7.2 Use a sectional view and appropriate cutting planes to clarify hidden features o...
- ED.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- ED.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
- ED.FS.9.5 Understand how to interact with others in ways that demonstrate respect for indi...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
Objectives and Goals
- Students will be able to define and recognize a section view and will be able to explain its importance.
- Students will observe how using appropriate cutting planes in a sectional view will clarify hidden features of an object and using critical thinking skills, will apply this to the location of cutting planes on an architectural plan view.
- Students will interact respectfully and effectively with other students during group work activities.
Activities in this Lesson
First, I ask the students if they have heard of any of the following terms - section view, section cut, cross section- and allow them to first attempt to define or explain any of them. Next, I write the definition(s) on the board and leave them up as the terminology for the week.
Using the first 10 slides of the attached powerpoint, I introduce the students to the various ways that sections are used in different industries/professions and express the value of them. I spend some time talking about the various images and seeing if they recognize the objects from the section views.
The powerpoint first looks at how looking at the exterior of an object does not necessarily give an understanding of what is happening inside by looking at different fruits that are all similar shapes and sizes but are all very different when you look inside. This will carry into the next activity.
- Section Views PowerPoint [ Download ] IMPORTANT: This PowerPoint is to accompany all activities in this lesson.
- Cutting Planes and Section Lines - Demo / Modeling
First, I show slides 11 and 12 on the PowerPoint. I discuss cutting planes and how the lines indicate where the cuts are made and the arrows indicate the direction of the view of the interior.
Next, bring out 3 actual bell peppers, a knife and a paper plate with ink or paint.1.Cut each of the peppers according to the A, B and C section cut lines shown on Slide 11.2.Next, dip each of them into the ink or paint.3.Stamp the pepper onto an overhead projector sheet or onto a poster.4.Explain that the areas indicated in ink or paint would be emphasized on a section view drawing (maybe as highlighted, solid, voided, colored or hatched) to indicate exactly where the object has been cut through.5.Then, hold up the halves and discuss which interior views would be drawn based on the arrow indicators on the section lines on Slide 11.
- Can you find the cutting plane and view direction? - Group Work
Use Slides 14-17 of the PowerPoint for this activity.
Group students in pairs. Print out slides 15-17 as handouts or give the students access to the PowerPoint.
These slides/handouts are to determine if the students can recognize where the cutting plane is located based on the plans, elevations and section view shown and in which direction the interior view is facing.
Note: Slide 15 is a simple garage plan to ease them into the process.1.Give students the handouts (or power-point).2.Have students draw a line (by hand or on the powerpoint) on each of the floor plans through where they believe the section view is cut.3.Then, they are to draw arrows on each end to indicate the direction that the section view faces. (Hint: Use the door and window locations to help them figure out the direction.)Walk around the room observing and assisting as needed.
- Assessment Types:
The assessment of this lesson is fairly simple. During the Lecture and Modeling segments, I simply use a thumbs-up for understanding. Then during the group work, I walk around observing (and assisting as needed) as students attempt to locate the cutting planes on the drawings that I provided.