Part of Unit: Emergency Procedures
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
In this lesson the student will be able to identify what the Emergency Medical System entails.
What is the Emergency Medical System?
- 90 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- HSMT.FS.10.5 Understand the nature of the interdependency of health care professionals within...
- HSMT.FS.10.8 Understand the interconnected components of a health care system.
- HSMT.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- HSMT.FS.3.1 Know the personal qualifications, interests, aptitudes, knowledge, and skills ne...
- HSMT.FS.3.2 Understand the scope of career opportunities and know the requirements for educa...
- HSMT.FS.3.4 Understand the role and function of professional organizations, industry associa...
- HSMT.FS.3.5 Understand the past, present, and future trends that affect careers, such as tec...
- HSMT.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
- HSMT.FS.8.1 Know major local, district, state, and federal regulatory agencies and entities ...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
- ELA.9-10.W.2.6a Write technical documents that report information and convey ideas logically an...
- ELA.9-10.W.2.6b Write technical documents that offer detailed and accurate specifications.
- ELA.9-10.W.2.6c Write technical documents that include scenarios, definitions, and examples to a...
- ELA.9-10.W.RT.1.3 Use clear research questions and suitable research methods (e.g., library, elect...2
Students will be able to identify the components of the EMS
Activities in this Lesson
- 9-1-1 Operator - Hooks / Set
Now show image and create a scenario from image the students are seeing on the overhead projector:...
Who you are.
Where you are calling form EXACTLY
What the emergency is you are calling about
Status of patient
Current Procedures being done to/for patient
Phone # you are calling from.....
DO NOT HANG UP UNTIL THE 911 operator HANGS UP
As an Athletic Trainer you will be activating the Emergency Medical Service System (EMS)
The emergency action number, 9-1-1 is the nationwide phone number to obtain emergency assistance. This includes fire departments, police department, and the Emergency Medical Techniciant’s (EMT) & paramedics. This is said to be the Emergency Medical System (EMS). This system is able to provide automatic phone number identification and automatic location identification. It will show exact address and phone numbers from the location of the call to the dispatcher. This information is displayed on the computer screen even if the caller hangs up. The main advantage of this system automatically display of information. Thus allowing immediate response for any individual caller no matter their situation.
The modern EMS system has evolved from its beginnings in the 1960’s when the National Academy of Sciences Research Council published a report entitled Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society
It also identified severe deficiencies in the delivery of prehospital care in the United States
Emergency Medical assistance Training
- There are several levels of training
- First responder the individual 1 st on the scene rendering first aid. These individuals are usually not paid professionals, rather a good samaritan assisting during the medical emergency until the professionals arrive.
- EMT= Emergency Medical Technician! The EMT is the 1 st line of professional medical personnel that arrives on the scene of a medical emergency. S/he will assess the situation and begin to treat the patient. Proper care by this skilled medical professional will help increase chance of survival for the patient.
There are 2 levels of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT)
- EMT-basic- successfully complete a course based on the U.S. Department of Transportation curriculum and who have been certified as emt-basics by the state emergency medical services division. Generally this course is approximately 100 hours and a has a field internship of between 10-20 hours depending on the program.
- EMT intermediate- is an EMT-basic who completes additional training prescribed by the U.S. Department of Transportation emt-intermediate curriculum.
Fun fact: Many Fireman & police officers are also EMT’s.
- paramedic (emt- paramedic)-is assigned to those who are trained in all aspects of prehospital emergency care, including or equal to the U.S. Department of Transportation paramedic curriculum, and who have received the appropriate certification. This is an advanced course many 9 months to 1 year programs that many emt’s will pursue after they have met the appropriate requirements for the program’s application.
- In 2005 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in developed levels of training–National ems scope of practice model
- Emergency Medical Responder (emr)
- Emergency Medical Technician (emt)
- Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (aemt)
- EMTs are an essential part in the health care system
- This is considered prehospital care or care that happens prior to admission or entering a hospital.
- Includes “specialty” hospitals that provide specialized care from physicians, nurses, and other professionals
Roles and responsibilities of an emt
- Safety of self & Safety of patient
- “As an emt, you can’t help the patient if you yourself become a patient too!” Always remember to make sure it is safe to act! Once the scene is safe, the patient becomes the priority. You than gain access to patient(s), assess and then evaluate medical intervention needed and then provide care.
- Providing emergency care for the injured patient
- Transport of the patient to the appropriate medical facility/hospital
- Patient advocacy….the emt must always be looking-out for the patient’s best interest, along with his/her family.
In general, state law identifies the emt’s scope of practice. This is usually the ability of the individual to provide emergency medical care to a patient. The EMT must be a licensed/certified emt appropriately credentialed in the state.
- Emergency Action Plan - Projects
An Emergency Action Plan (EAP) is a policy and procedure for emergency situations at a specific venue for athletics. Most injuries sustained during athletics or other physical activity are relatively minor. However, potentially limb-threatening or life-threatening emergencies in athletics and physical activity are unpredictable and occur without warning. Proper management of these injuries is critical and should be carried out by trained health services personnel to minimize risk to the injured participant. The organization or institution and its personnel can be placed at risk by the lack of an Emergency Action Plan (EAP), which may be the foundation of a legal claim.
Create groups of 2-3 students.
Using the Internet, find and review 4 to 5 Athletic Department EAPs online. After comparing the EAPs, Identify what you believe are the key components of an EAP.
You will now be asked to identify 3 separate locations on your campus (that are not adjacent) and create an EAP for each location. This Assignment will be due in 2 class periods.
- EAP Sample [ Download ]
- Assessment Types:
- Projects, Writing Samples, Observations, Role Play, ,
The teacher will wander around room noting appropriate interactions, questions and reaffirming proper procedures
Students will now be paired into groups of 3. 1 students will be the injured athlete describing a simple injury they can identify from their book. 1 Students will be the 9-1-1 operator asking the questions, and the last student will be answering the questions the operator is asking groups will create an eap for 3 separate venues in the athletic department. All three venues must be separate sites that are not adjacent to each other. To be submitted