Part of Unit: Techniques and Applications
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Through lecture and demonstration, students will learn to properly set paper on a drafting table, draw a layout for a basic title block, and finalize it. Lesson will review proper use of basic drafting pencils & measuring tools.
- 3 Hours
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- ED.C.C2.3 Apply the concepts of engineering design to the tools, equipment, projects, and ...
- ED.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- ED.FS.5.1 Apply appropriate problem-solving strategies and critical thinking skills to wor...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
Objectives and Goals
- Students will apply problem-solving strategies and critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems related to drafting work-related issues and tasks.
- Apply title block concepts to drafting equipment, projects, and procedures.
Activities in this Lesson
- What is in a drawing? - Hooks / Set
As students come into the classroom, direct them to observe two or three paintings displaying in your classroom and have them make a list of what they think they would like to know if they would have to duplicate the paintings.
Review students’ lists and produce on the board a summary of commonalities towards highlighting author, date, title, dimensions, units, materials, media, colors, etc.
Teacher makes the correlation between the summary list on the board and the elements in a title block: date, title, scale, units, author, drawing number, sheet number, etc.
Teacher will pass around copies of title blocks made by last year’s students. The sample title blocks should be laminated prior to this lesson to protect originals from students handling. Teacher would allow students to look at sample title blocks as a visual anticipation of what the students will work on. This will build confidence among the students telling them that they can do also a title block because the samples were made by students just like them.
- Starting a title block - Demo / Modeling
Teacher will review the importance of having a title block using the information from the “hook” activity.
Now you can begin demonstrating how to draw a title block to the class. Have students take out - from their backpack or classroom storage- all their drafting tools required in the syllabus: 4H, 2H & HB pencils, soft white eraser, eraser shield and guideline tool. –[ Noticed that students have learned to set up a drafting table for classwork in an earlier lesson which includes scales in place, brush on the rails, adjusted chair and adjusted table, alignment of scales]. Then, have students take a size A paper - that teacher makes available- and four small pieces of masking tape.
As the students are gathering their supplies, invite the first 4 students who are ready to gather around one drafting table to observe how teacher tapes paper on the drafting table. From those four students, choose one student to repeat the paper setting while you watch, and correct if necessary, then have those four observing students go back to their seats and demonstrate the paper setting procedure to another small group of students. Repeat this procedure until all students have seeing the procedure.
- Basic Drafting Supplies [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Drafting pencils, eraser, eraser shield, guideline tool and protractor.
- Drafting Arm and Supplies [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Complete set of drafting supplies with ARM
- T-Square and Supplies [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Complete set of drafting supplies with T square
- Set-up For Paper to Board #1 [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] 4 pieces of masking tape + paper
- Instructor Demonstration [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Demo
- Taping Media to Drafting Board #2 [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Taping of paper on drafting table
- Taping Media to Drafting Board #3 [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Taping paper
- Taping Media to Drafting Board #4 [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Last piece of tape
- Drawing the Layout - Demo / Modeling
Pass out the Title Block Handout describing the measurements and data required to build it <insert scanned copy of handout>. Demonstrate on the board, the overall sequence to draw the layout of a title block.
Direct students to use 4H pencil to begin drawing their layout on their size A paper. Remind students about proper line drafting technique [ hold pencil in a 45 degree angle as you draw in a left to right direction or top to bottom- pulling always, not pushing- using a rotation motion] <insert photo> repeat this process until all lines are done.
- TitleBlock Measurements.pdf [ Download ] Measurements to make a title block
- Guided Practice - Demo / Modeling
Teacher will walk around viewing students’ progress and provide coaching.
When the teacher finds that most of students are close to finishing the layout, teacher will instruct students to darken layout using pencil HB for title block lines and 2H to darken lettering, both using proper darkening techniques. Darkening technique is learned prior to this lesson, and it is reviewed only [line darkening is done by holding the pencil in a 45 degree angle as you move it from left to right or top to bottom- pulling always, not pushing- using a rotation motion; <insert photo> repeat this process (strokes) until lines are darken]. Also the darkening process involves proper line weight (thickness) applied: for the title block lines is about 1/16”. Lettering must be dark, not gray, and student must use the guideline tool to draw the guidelines with a 1/8” separation. Also students will be instructed to use the guideline tool to draw straight lines for letters.
Allow students that have finished their title block correctly to assist the remaining working students.
Show students some of last year’s final projects to demonstrate that their title block technique will improve as a student progresses. These samples also will indicate to students that title blocks are used all the way up to the end-of-the-year and will enforce its importance in proper drafting
- Drawing Horizontal Lines [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Left to right line stroke
- Drawing Vertical Line [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Draw vertical lines (strokes) from bottom to top line stroke.
- Drawing Vertical Lines [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Position pencil in an angle when making lines
- Standard A TitleBlock.pdf [ Download ] Finished Title Block
- Independent Practice - Lab / Shop
Allow students to refer to their Title Block Handout when working on their assignments throughout the year. Students will stop using it when they feel is not longer need it.
Allow students to finish their title block independently.
Assign the due date by the end of the third day. Also allow students to turn in assignment late to promote quality not quantity during this initial stage.
Reserve a space in your classroom to post highest grades for title blocks from all your drafting classes. This will allow students to compare and contrast their work and store a mental picture of correct work. This is an easy self-assessment tool.
- Assessment Types:
- Rubrics, Projects, Demonstrations, Observations,
When grading students work, use a 10 point rubric to address drafting technique problems. Have an ink-stamp made with the rubric elements. Stamping students work will speed up grading while pointing out problems objectively and clearly.
- Grading Stamp .pdf [ Download ] Elements used for grading