Part of Unit: Abdomen and Thorax
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
In this lesson, students will be exposed to the cause, symptoms, and treatment of 7 common injuries of the abdomen. The lesson will include individual and group application of taught material.
- 1 Class Period of
- 100 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- HSMT.B.B2.1 Understand the process for analyzing available information to assess the health ...
- HSMT.E.E2.2 Use medical terminology appropriate to therapeutic services to interpret and com...
- HSMT.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- HSMT.FS.9.3 Understand how to organize and structure work individually and in teams for effe...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
- ELA.9-10.LS.2.2f Deliver expository presentations that use technical terms and notations accurately.
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.3 Generate relevant questions about readings on issues that can be researched.2
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.5 Extend ideas presented in primary or secondary sources through original analysis...3
- ELA.9-10.W.2.6c Write technical documents that include scenarios, definitions, and examples to a...
Objectives and Goals
- Students will recognize pertinent available information to assess the abdominal injury of an athlete or client.
- Students will recognize and utilize appropriate medical terminology in communicating the assessment and treatment of an abdominal injury.
- Students will demonstrate knowledge by presenting appropriate information about an assigned abdominal injury.
- Students will work effectively in teams to clearly communicate the important information about an assigned abdominal injury.
- Students will apply newly acquired knowledge of abdominal injuries by either creating an injury scenario or researching an injury to a professional or amateur athlete.
Activities in this Lesson
- Introduction and Video - Hooks / Set
The instructor will begin by asking the students what they think of when they hear the term "abdominal injury." He/she will take 3-4 answers from the class. The instructor will then ask the students to take out a piece of paper. While watching the "informative" video, the students are to write down the following:
1. The name of the injury described in the video
2. At least 3 symptoms of the injury
3. At least 1 possible treatment for the injury
- Alex's Story (Optional) - Hooks / Set
(NOTE: The instructor may choose to use a story of a student from his/her own school or an applicable story of a professional athlete in place of this example. The goal of this activity is to bring to life the possibility of a serious abdominal injury.)
"Alex was a varsity football player at our school. He was a tough kid, and a hard-hitting athlete. One Friday during a game, he took a really hard hit from the side. The Athletic Trainer did not directly see the hit, as she was attending to another player who had a concussion. A few minutes later, Alex started acting strangely. When asked what happened, he said he wasn't sure, he just remembered getting hit. Because there had been a string of concussions on the team that season, the Athletic Trainer began asking him questions pertaining to a concussion, but it didn't seem to follow the normal signs or symptoms. Alex also began complaining that his stomach felt upset and painful. By the end of the game, he was no better, and the Athletic Trainer decided to advise his parents to take him to the Emergency Room."
"A couple of days later, the Athletic Trainer was informed that Alex was admitted to the hospital that night with a lacerated liver. The Emergency Room staff had almost missed the diagnosis, also going on the assumption that he was suffering from a bad concussion. They took a Head CT, which was clear. However, because Alex continued to complain of increasing abdominal pain, they decided to do an abdominal CT scan on him as well. Luckily, they saw the laceration of the liver, and were able to surgically repair it. He stayed in the hospital for a few days and was released. Alex was not allowed to play contact sports for 1 full year following this injury."
1. What information was used to make the Athletic Trainer's initial diagnosis?
2. Having not seen the injury directly, how could the Athletic Trainer have gained more information about Alex's injury?
3. Why did the Athletic Trainer send Alex to the Emergency Room?
4. Why did the Emergency Room staff decide to do further diagnostic imaging on Alex?
5. What do you think could have happened had they not done this additional imaging?
6. What can we learn from Alex's story about looking for abdominal injuries?
- PowerPoint Presentation - Lecture
During this section, the instructor will present and discuss the details of 7 abdominal injuries.
- Group Injury Poster - Group Work
Students are to get into groups of 3-5 (depending on the size of the class), and create an informational poster about one of the injuries discussed. The poster should be creative, and include a drawing or diagram along with information about the cause of the injury, its common signs or symptoms, and the appropriate treatment. Students should be provided with large white poster or butcher paper and markers or colored pencils. The instructor should walk around the classroom during this activity to assure that students are on task, and clear about the components of their assignment.
- Group Poster Presentation - Assessment
Once the students have completed their informational posters, they will be asked to present their work in front of the class. Students should quickly and clearly cover the main aspects of the condition -- cause, symptoms, and treatment. Once they have finished their presentation, the instructor may choose to ask follow-up questions to clarify or build on presented material. (For example, "In which sport(s) might you see this injury?" or "What do you think would be the most obvious symptom of this injury?")
- Homework Application Assignment - Closure
To further assess comprehension of the discussed injuries, for homework the students may choose one of the following three assignments (or the instructor may choose one to assign):
1) Create an injury scenario for one of the 7 injuries. The scenario should involve the student's interaction with situation. The scenario should include:
1. An athlete (include gender, age, and sport)
2. A situation (practice or game)
3. If applicable, a specific injury (i.e. describe the mechanism of impact)
4. If applicable, a lifestyle situation (i.e. alcoholism or illness)
5. The common symptoms and/or signs
6. The proposed treatment
2) Research a professional or amateur athlete who has experienced one of the injuries discussed in the lecture. Write a 1-page summary of the information, including the cause, the signs and symptoms experienced, and the treatment they received.
3) IF students have had personal experience with one of the injuries discussed in the lecture, they may choose to write about that. Again, they should include a cause, the signs and symptoms experienced, and the treatment they received.
**This assignment should be typed, and should be at least 1 page in length. It will be due at the beginning of the next class period.**
- Assessment Types:
- Projects, Writing Samples, Observations,
During this lesson, the instructor will assess student learning through:
1. Participation in the video and "Alex's Story" discussions
2. Correct answering of content-focused questions during the PowerPoint presentation.
3. Correct representation and presentation of the assigned abdominal injury in the group injury poster.
4. Correct and complete description of a selected injury in the homework application assignment.