Part of Unit: Head and Face
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Students learn how to identify and provide immediate treatment for common injuries to the face and eye. I usually teach this unit within the head injury unit since they often go hand-in-hand.
- Face segment
- 55 Minutes
- Eye segment
- 80 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- HSMT.B.B2.1 Understand the process for analyzing available information to assess the health ...
- HSMT.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- HSMT.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
- HSMT.FS.6.3 Understand the importance and use of Standard Precautions and Infection Control,...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.5 Extend ideas presented in primary or secondary sources through original analysis...3
Objectives and Goals
- Identify common injuries of the eye and face.
- Understand the anatomy of the eye and face as it relates to common injuries.
- Recognize the relationship between face/eye injuries and head injuries.
- Recognize when the use of universal precautions is necessary when treating face/eye injuries.
- Demonstrate techniques used in the evaluation of face/eye injuries.
- Identify the proper immediate care for face/eye injuries.
Activities in this Lesson
- Kevin Stevens Injury - Hooks / Set
As students sit down I have the Kevin Stevens injury video playing. In the video the announcer mentions that he broke his nose. At the end of the video I ask students what they think his injury was. After a quick survey, I pass out the the short New York Times article in which Kevin discusses his injury. This then leads into the Lecture on facial injuries.
** Alternate: If you don't have the time, or don't want the students to read the article, you can just tell them about his resulting injuries and treatment.
** Another thing that is good to do is to have students identify what was done wrong in the treatment of this player (the doctor was not wearing gloves).
- Kevin Stevens Face Injury.wmv [ Watch Video ] [ Download Original Video ] This is a 6 minute complete video of a facial injury to hockey player Kevin Stevens
- Kevin Stevens Face Injury.mp4 [ Watch Video ] [ Download Original Video ] Same video in mp4 format.
- New York Times: Stevens Has New Face for New Season [ Go to Site ] Article discussing Kevin Stevens' injury.
- Face Injury PowerPoint - Lecture
As I show the PowerPoint I stop to demonstrate certain things, ask students questions or have them perform certain skills. The length of the presentation will vary depending on how many of these things you do. Be sure to practice before you use in class.
Here are some of the things that I do during the presentation.
Slide 3: Mention that this is an extraordinary case. A broken jaw will not normally present in this manner.
Slide 4: Have students use a triangular bandage to immobilize the jaw. Be sure to emphasize that the bandage must be able to be easily removed in case the athlete needs to vomit or if you need access to the airway.
Slide 5: Use a skull to point out the zygomatic arch and explain why it is vulnerable to injury.
Slide 10: Have different mouthguards on hand to show students. If you have the time and the resources, you can demonstrate how to fit a boil and fit mouthguard. Also be sure to mention how mouth guards reduce the risk of concussion.
Slide 11: Have students palpate thier own nose. Have them feel for the end of the nasal bone adn the beginning of the cartilage. Have them feel the normal mobility of the cartilage.
Slide 12: Ask them if they can identify the direction of the blow that caused the fracture.
Slide 15: If available, show different types of nose plugs.
- Eye Injuries - Hooks / Set
This is the second day of the lesson. If you want a fun little way to lead into the lecture you can put some makeup on to make it look like you have a black eye. Then wear dark glasses over it as students walk into class. Students always ask why you are wearing dark glasses. You always get a good reaction when you take off the glasses to reveal your "black eye".
I also have questions on the board for students to answer in their journal. The questions review the facial injuries that we covered the previous period.
- Eye PowerPoint - Lecture
Again, I use this PowerPoint as a guide. You need to make sure to stop during the presentation for activities or the students will get bored.
Here are some of the things that I do during the presentation:
slide 1: This slide takes up the majority of the time. I have the studnets practice each of the items listed on each other. Use penlights if you have them for the pupil response. I also teach them how to cover the eyes to check in case they are in a bright light situation.
slide 6: Demonstrate how to remove object from lower lid. I do not let them do this on eachother. Have the students perform the procedure for the upper lid on themselves.
Slide 7: Use a student volunteer to demontrate
Slide 10: The picture in this slide is of the dissection of a calf eye with a detached retina.
Slide 14 & 15: Use a skull to show the anatomy of the orbital floor.
- eye powerpoint.ppt [ Download ] This is the PowerPoint I use for eye injuries.
- Assessment Types:
- Journals, Teacher-Made Test, Observations,
Have have included one of the reviews that I use for the head/face unit and one of the tests I use. Although this lesson is only on the face and eye, the test is for the entire unit (head, neck, face).
The review is a scavenger hunt where the kids get up and move around to get it done. At the end, when the kids come up to me and sing Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes, I check their review. I give the first 3-5 students who have all of the answers completed correctly I give them a little prize (ticket for extra credit on a quiz, a piece of candy, raffle ticket, etc.). This encourages them to stay on track during the review.