Part of Unit: Culinary Nutrition and Food Science
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
This lesson will provide students with information on metabolism and activity level. Here students will learn the role of metabolism and how an increase or decrease in activity can affect weight as it relates to calorie intake.
- Class Period
- 60 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- HTR.A.A4.1 Understand the anatomical structure and functions of the digestive system, inclu...
- HTR.A.A4.2 Analyze appropriate nutrient intake, diet, and energy expenditure for individual...
- HTR.B.B10.2 Interpret nutritional or ingredient information from food labels and fact sheets...
- HTR.FS.10.1 Understand the principles of nutrition and their relationship to good health thr...
Objectives and Goals
- Explain the role of metabolism in the body as it relates to calorie intake and the use of nutrients to provide energy for vital processes and activities.
- Discuss the health benefits of an active lifestyle.
- Describe methods for determining a healthy weight.
Activities in this Lesson
- Metabolism? - Hooks / Set
What is Metabolism? How fast is your metabolism? How does this relate to your body, the amount of fat vs. muscle you possess and how you can continue to improve your health? Well, let's look at a few short videos on the subject and see if we can generate some sensible answers to these questions...
Teachers, make sure to have these questions up on the board to lead the discussion. You might opt to have students make some guesses in advance of the video segments and record them on the board and then refine upon watching the videos...or simply ask the students to jot these questions down and record what they can while watching the segments for sharing later.
- Burn, Baby, Burn - Lecture
This section of the lesson deals with metabolism and how it relates to the calories you consume. Work with students by pointing out that in order for you to maintain or lose weight you must burn or use the calories (energy) you injest. Exercise and a balanced diet will help you to do that.
Metabolism is the body's way of using the energy provided in nutrients for vital processes and activities. Carbohydrates are the first to be used, then protein and finally fat. If your diet is high in fat you will not burn it and it will be stored. Excess carbohydrates and protein will also be stored, as fat, if not used. Overindulging in foods high in carbohydrates and protein can also cause weight gain. The minimum amount of energy you need to maintain the basic processes such as breathing, heart beat, digesting food and building and repairing tissue is call basal metabolism. Not all bodies are alike and therefore everyone's metabolic rate is different. Energy needs vary greatly from person to person. About two-thirds of calories, generally speaking, are consumed for basal metabolism, but this too varies with the individual. The remaining calories are used for physical activity.
It would make sense then that if a person had a sedentary lifestyle (no activity) the remaining one third of the calories consumed would not be used and stored as body fat.
Students should now be shown the MyPlate website and given the opportunity to personalize their own MyPlate profile. To do this you can go to the MyPlate website.
From here you can integrate the lesson on MyPlate.
- No Pain, No Gain - Demo / Modeling
Just as your metabolism plays into how your body uses the energy from calories so does your activity level. Lets take a look at some routine activities and the amount of calories burned.
You can use this link to quiz students on food amounts worth 100 calories
Quiz is quite long so you may want to use only a few examples.
Use the attached information to demonstrate the calorie content of some popular foods and the length of time for required activity to burn 100 calories.
- Assessment Types:
- Journals, Teacher-Made Test,
Students will be asked to keep a short food diary, highlighting everything eaten over the course of two days. Later the class will analyze the foods eaten for calorie content and nutritional value. We will hope to eventually create a "better eating" plan and see how various levels of activity can accommodate different diets.
- free_food_diary.pdf [ Download ] Food diary for journaling daily food choices.