Part of Unit: Emergency Medical Services
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Students will learn the proper techniques in performing Adult CPR. They will learn to recognize the signs and symptoms of someone who needs CPR.
- Required for Certification
- 8 Hours
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- PS.C.C3.1 Become certified in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in order t...
- PS.C.C3.2 Employ personal safety procedures to meet prescribed regulations.
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
- ELA.9-10.R.CAGT.2.5 Extend ideas presented in primary or secondary sources through original analysis...3
Objectives and Goals
- Students will demonstrate the proper use of universal precaution gear.
- Students will demonstrate proper technique while doing adult CPR.
Activities in this Lesson
- Activity #1 - Hooks / Set
Show the video of a teacher having a heart attack and a student giving CPR.
- Student performing CPR [ Go to Site ]
- Unconscious Victim - Lecture
When you come upon the scene of a victim who you think is unconscious you need to first check the scene for safety. Look around the victim and the area to make sure there is nothing that can harm you. Second you take universal precautions: put on gloves, use a face shield. Then you check the victim. You tap him on the shoulder and ask if he is okay. If there is no response then you call out to someone close by to call the emergency medical service. Say, "He is unconscious. Call 911." It could be a different phone number in different states.
Check the victim. Check circulation, Airway, and Breathing, (CAB). Place your ringer tips on the victims caradic artery. To locate this place your fingers on the victim's 'adam apple' and slide your fingers towards you about 1/2 to 1 inch. Feel for a pulse. Do not push down hard or you will not be able to feel the pulse. If there is no pulse then start CPR. Give 30 chest compressions. Place the base of your palm on the victims sternum. It is located in the center of the chest the height of the victim's nipples. Push down 1 1/2 to 2 inches for an adult.
Now check the victim's airway. Tilt the head back, pinch the nose closed, and give two breaths. Each breath should last one second. Look to see if the chest rises. Listen to hear if the air comes out of the victim. If the air does go in then you know the victim is not choking.
Continue to give 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths until someone of equal or better skills comes to assist you.
- Mannequin Work - Demo / Modeling
Teacher will demonstrate proper CPR techniques on an adult mannequin. After taking universal precautions, the teacher will lift the chin, tilt the head back , pinch the nose, and give 2 rescue breaths (1 second per breath) watching to see the chest rise. Then place two hands in the center of chest on lower half of the sternum, compressing 1 1/2 to 2 inches 30 times. This cycle (2 breaths and 30 compressions) is repeated. You should do 100 compressions per minute.
- Students practice - Guided Practice
Students will pair up with a partner. The teacher will instruct them step by step and one partner will follow, performing chest compressions and breaths. Then the student who did it will guide his/her partner to do the chest compressions and breaths.
- Teacher Observation - Check Understanding
The teacher will walk around the room making sure they are performing the skill correctly.
- Reinforcement Practice - Independent Practice
The teacher will descrbe a scenario where the victim will need CPR. The students in their pairs will be the rescuer. The partner will remind their partner what to do. When the rescuer is done then the partner becomes a rescuer. The teacher gives a different scenario and they repeat the process.
- Review - Closure
Teacher brings the class together, seated. Teacher performs CPR incorrectly. Students state how it is wrong and state how to correct it. This is just a shout out time to review.
- Written Test - Assessment