Lesson Plan Industry Sector
Education, Child Development, and Family Services

Lesson Plan Originally Created By: Sharon Varozza

Infants: Birth to One Year Social/Emotional Development

Part of Unit: Understanding Ages and Stages

Lesson Plan Overview / Details

This lesson is an examination of the social and emotional development of infants. Utilizing Chapter 9 of the text, Children: the Early Years by Celia Decker, this lesson explores how infants vary in temperaments, express emotions, interact with others, and form attachments. Social and emotional milestones for the first year are recorded and caregivers' responses and interventions to support healthy development are explored.

Lesson Time

Block Period
110 Minutes


Objectives and Goals

  • Identify and describe the major developmental social and emotional tasks of infants in their first year of life.
  • Analyze the hereditary and environmental effects on infant's social and emotional development.
  • List factors that support an infant's social and emotional development.
  • Analyze the characteristics and behaviors of caregivers that affect an infant's social and emotional development.

Activities in this Lesson

  • Baby Video Clips Hooks / Set

    Short video clip demonstrating social/emotional skills of infants. The first video is good to review physical development. Take note of the ages of the cousins (6 and 8 mos). The next video shows laughing, and the last video clip is a good introduction to a caregiver's response to baby's needs.

    The first video is a good review for physical development, and introduces babies interacting social. It also demonstrated differences in the ages (6 and 8 mos). The second video shows twins laughing at each other. The third video gives a good introduction to a caregiver's response to baby's needs.

    On small pieces of scratch paper that I have distributed students write their responses to the video. Teacher may wish to pause slightly between video clips. Share.

    Resources and Materials

    • Baby cousins side by side [ Go to Site ] Video clip of 6 mos and 8 mos interacting
    • Twin Baby Boys Laughing [ Go to Site ] 4 mos old babies laughing at each other
    • Baby crying in the rain [ Go to Site ] Is mom meeting baby's needs?
  • Ask students to take notes on some definitions of words that will be in their reading of Social/Emotional Development.

    Resources and Materials

    • Social and Emotional Development of Infants Vocabulary.doc [ Download ] Vocabulary Definitions
  • Ask students to take out their "Steps and Stages: Infant Development Chart". At this point they should have already completed all of the chart except for the column: Social and Emotional.

    In their table groups, ask students to read Social-Emotional Development of the Infant in Chapter 9 from their textbook . As they are reading, students should take notes on their charts every time they see a reference to an age and a specific social or emotional stage.

    Resources and Materials

    • Infant Chart [ Download ] Chart the ages of infants and their corresponding physical appearance, motor skills, intellectual development, social/emotional development, milestones and steps to encourage development.
  • Classroom Mural Group Work

    As students finish their Infant Charts, direct them to the Classroom Mural they started with Infant Physical Development. Each group was assigned a two month period to portray in pictures and label with milestones. Ask groups to add labels of social and emotional stages for their assigned ages.

    Circulate to check progress and good understanding of social/emotional developments for each age.

  • With a partner, take turns sharing answers and giving examples to "Building a Trusting Relationship". Teacher circulates the room and observes students sharing. Students will turn in one copy per partner group.

    Resources and Materials

    • Trusting Relationship W.S. [ Download ] Requires examples and answers to how caregivers can build trust
  • Class shares by group what they added to the Classroom Mural today that is reflective of the social and emotional stages learned. As they share, ask each group to also state how caregivers could support the stages they put on the mural.


Assessment Types:
Writing Samples, Teacher-Made Test, Observations,
  • Observation of group work contributions and sharing (Classroom mural)
  • Trusting Relationship examples and answers
  • Unit test for Infant Development to include physical, intellectual and social-emotional

Consumer and Family Studies (CSF) Standards Detail

12.3 Analyze the characteristics and behaviors that contribute to the
development of positive relationships. (ECDFS – F10.10.3)

3.2 Identify the developmental areas, stages, and principles of child growth. (ECDFS – F10.3.2)

3.3 Analyze the effects of heredity and environment on the physical, social,
emotional, and intellectual development of children. (ECDFS – F10.3.3)

3.4 List factors that contribute to the optimal development of children. (ECDFS – F10.3.4)