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Arts, Media & Entertainment

Activity Originally Created By: Jeff Larson

Pose to Pose Animation: Notes/Vocabulary

Part of Lesson Plan: Pose to Pose

Activity Overview / Details

The focus of this lesson is to teach students how to plan and animate a scene or a sequence using the pose to pose approach. In oder to animate in this method students must understand the following terms and concepts. 

1. Keyframes: Drawings that establish the beginning and end of an action or sequence. The drawings that tell the story.

2. Breakdowns: Drawings usually located half way between to key frames that begin to breakdown the action into parts.

3. Inbetweens: The majority of the drawings located between keyframes and breakdown positons that provide most of the movement in an action or a sequence.

4. Timing Charts: The charts created on sets of drawings by the Lead Animator that provide directions to Assistants and Inbetweeners about the timing and position of additional drawings in an action or sequence.

5. Ease in/Ease out: Sometimes referred to as slow in and slow out. The gradual, or slow start or finishing of an action. Consists of more drawings at the beginning or end of a action that provide a more life like movement.

6. Frame Rates/Ones/Twos/Threes: In animation drawings are either filmed on ones/twos/threes. Meaning in one second you could utilize and have a drawing on every frame, or you could have a drawing filmed every two or three frames. Most film and video animation is done on twos or threes. High end productions may utilize ones. Hence on an average you could have 12 to 15 drawings a second, depending on the speed/timing of the action taking place on screen.

Read, Discuss, and Review the handouts.

Look at the Pose to Pose notes and examples from Osamu Tezuka, Preston Blair, and Warner Bros.

Materials / Resource