Lesson Plan Overview / Details
This unit will teach students safe router operation procedures.
- Router safety
- 53 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- BTC.A.A3.1 Use portable power tools, such as single and compound miter saws, drills, sander...
- BTC.A.A6.2 Use hand tools (wood chisels, drills, coping saws) and power tools (routers, san...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
Objectives and Goals
1. Students will learn safe router operation. 2. Students will be able to identify the parts of a router. 3. students will be able to install a router bit and adjust it for the correct depth.
Activities in this Lesson
- Show me - Hooks / Set
The day before the demonstration on Router safety the teacher will show the class examples of items that are made with a router.
The students will be given the homework assignment of coming to class with an example of something that used a router to construct it or any other example of what a router does. That example may be an actual oblect or a picture of it. A drawing would also be an acceptable alternative. Below are some examples in the resources.
Before the teacher starts the lesson on router safety, have each person in the class share his example with at least one other person.
- Router.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- router 2.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- Router 3.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- Architectural Bits.doc [ Download ] null
- router 4.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- router 5.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- router 6.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- router 7.jpg [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- Router Parts Answer sheet.JPG [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- Router Parts.JPG [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] null
- Parts of the Router - Check Understanding
Have students complete the parts diagram attached below. You can use the completed one as an overhead or for your LCD.
- Pre-Test - Check Understanding
Give the students this test before you start the lesson
- ROUTER TEST.doc [ Download ] Saety test for Router
- Safety Instruction - Demo / Modeling
Teacher will show video on safe router usage.
Teacher will demonstrate safe operation of a router.
This is general information you might want to use to explain what a router is and how to use it.
The woodworking router is one of the most versatile tools in the workshop. Often it is used to cut shapes and profiles into the edge of wood or to dig into materials using a template to make signs or cut holes for mitering worktops.
There are a wide range of cutters and bits available for whatever application you can think of.
There are 2 different types of router - fixed base and plunge - here are the main features of each
Fixed Base Router
The fixed base router is in effect a motor and a base plate and is limited to edge routing and cutting in from the outside of the wood. With a fixed base router, the depth of cut is set before you turn the router on. The lack of a plunge mechanism tends to make these routers lighter and less expensive. This machine allows everything the plunge router can do except cut out and plunge cuts.
The plunge router can be used as a fixed base router but can also be used to cut into the wood using the plunge mechanism. A plunge router allows you to adjust the depth of cut while the router is turned on. This feature can come in handy when you need to make multiple passes on a board, taking off a little more wood with each pass. Plunge routers often have depth stops that can be used to accurately plunge the router to the appropriate depth while in use. Plunge routers can also be used to cut mortises, stopped grooves, dados, and incised letters (with special jigs). However, the plunge mechanism adds weight to the router. Plunge routers are more versatile than fixed base routers
Here are some important considerations when deciding on what router you buy.
Note that routers are rated for power on the Horse Power scale. A 2-HP router gives you 2-HP at the absolute maximum of its output, not during day to day use. The rated amperage is a much better method for comparing actual router power output when you're making your router decision.
Bit Size and Bit Changing
The bit shank size of your next router should be another important factor in your decision making. Routers typically take bit shanks in these three sizes: 1/4", 3/8" and 1/2". Take a look at the projects you want to complete and the availability of bit sizes you need for these projects. This should be a good guide for you in picking out the bit shank size that will work for you. Note also that the most common shank size is 1/2".
Before buying your next router either hold one in your hand and find out how easy it is to change bits or dig into woodworking forums to see what others have thought about ease of bit changing. The "hold it in your hand" rule also applies to the power button - when router designers get usability wrong it's often in these two areas. Further, in regard to switches, make sure that your router can "lock" in the on position if you plan to use it on a table.
The type and placement of a router's power switch varies depending on the manufacturer. Generally there are two different switch styles: "Toggle Switches" and "Trigger Switches". A toggle switch is similar to a light switch in function. A trigger switch is similar to the switch on a circular saw. With this type of switch, the router is only ON when the switch is pressed. Some manufacturers use trigger switches that can be locked in the ON position. Generally switch design is not a major issue but if you plan to use a router table, you will need to purchase a router that can be set to run in the ON position by itself
Pay special attention to the base plate when choosing a new router. This is the part which is in constant contact with the surface of the material you're working with so it needs to be durable and also needs to be made of a material which will not scratch the material you're working with. Many of the better routers allow the base plates to be easily renewed once worn.
Depth Adjustment and Stop
Ensure the router you choose has a depth stop with a fine adjustment to allow you to finely measure the depth of cut you require.
A guide fence allows you to cut along the edge of the workpiece. Look for a router which has a guide fence which attaches to the baseplate with 2 rods. The part of the fence which will touch the workpiece should be replaceable and non-scratching.
Here are the basic steps to using a router:
1. Select a bit. For basic cuts, there are two types of bits. An edge bit has a wheel on the bottom that rolls along the edge of the wood. A non-edge bit does not and is used to cut inside the perimeter of the wood piece.
2. Place the bit into the collet without sinking it all the way to the bottom and tighten the collet.
3. Clamp the piece of wood you will be working on very solidly in place. Routers operate at a very high rate of speed and can send an insecure piece of wood spinning through the air.
4. Put on safety glasses
5. Plug in the router and turn on the power switch. Hold onto it with both hands at all times.
6. Move the router across the wood from left to right to avoid splintering from the clockwise motion of the cutting bit. Running the router in a direction opposite to the bit's rotation also keeps it from running out of control. Cut in 1/4-inch increments or less on each pass.
- Check for understanding - Guided Practice
At this point I select a few different students to show the class the use of the router as I have just shown in the demonstration.. Obiviously time does not permit you to have every student do this in front of the class.
When students use a machine in my class for the first time I try to observe everyone as they use it.
- Assessment Types:
- Teacher-Made Test,
Students must pass the test with 100% accuracy before they can use the router.
- ROUTER TEST.doc [ Download ] Final test