Part of Unit: Nutrition, Health and Safety Practices
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
Increase awareness of the ways illnesses are spread in the child care setting and how to reduce this spread. Encourage providers to accept responsibility for preventing the spread of disease in their child care setting.
- 2 Class Periods
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- ECDFS.A.A9.2 Understand the procedures for preventing the spread of infections and illnesses,...
- ECDFS.A.A9.5 Know how to recognize, describe, and report signs and symptoms of illness, injur...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
Consumer and Family Studies (CFS) Standards Detail
7.1 Describe methods for maintaining the health and ensuring the safety of
children. ( ECDFS – F10.13.1)
7.2 Analyze and apply safety and sanitation practices that can be used to
prevent and treat childhood illnesses and accidents. ( ECDFS – F10.13.2)
Objectives and Goals
- Describe what infectious diseases are and how they spread.
- Recognize and describe the symptoms and signs of illness and how to report them.
- Explore their own family experiences with infectious diseases.
Activities in this Lesson
- Infectious Diseases - Hooks / Set
This lesson will get students interested in infectious diseases by discussing and charting their own experiences. Before lesson begins, have students watch a short video clip on germs.
(Urinal Fifth Man)
- Infectious Disease - Lecture
Instructor should spend 30 minutes decribing what Infectious Disease are and how they spread.
1. Give each student the Infectious Diseases worksheet. Tell them to take this list home and discuss with their families what diseases they have had, their parents have had, and their grandparents maty have had, and mark these on the list. Make sure to tell students that they don’t have to mark anything they or their family might be uncomfortable sharing.
- Infectious Disease sample worksheet.doc [ Download ] Infectious worksheet (homework assignment) - give to students to share with their family
- Part 2.doc - Infectious worksheet.doc [ Download ] Example of the worksheet (completed homework assignment) should look after students have shared with their family.
- Childhood infectious diseases [ View Image ] [ Download Original ] Examples of how some childhood infectious diseases are spread.
- Class discussion - Check Understanding
Ask students what conclusions they can draw from the infectious worksheet. Answers may include;
- Certain infectious diseases are very common.
- There are some diseases our parents or grandparents had but we don’t get any more.
- There are other infectious diseases we’ve heard of but not experienced.
- Assessment Types:
Divide the class into five groups and assign each group one of the vaccinations listed below. Tell students that each group will create a poster to educate the public about a vaccine. Their poster should answer as many of the following questions as possible:
- What disease is this vaccine meant to prevent?
- Describe the disease this vaccine prevents: What are the symptoms? Who is most susceptible? Is the disease caused by a virus or bacteria?
- Who should be vaccinated? Who should not be vaccinated?
- How does the vaccine work? How often should a person be vaccinated?
- What are some possible side effects of the vaccine?
- What are some other interesting facts about this vaccine?
Explain that usually, children receive several vaccinations during the first 10 years of their lives, most of them before the age of one. Write the following vaccines on the board:
- MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)
- DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis)
- Hepatitis B
- Varicella (chicken pox )
Provide the following Web sites to help students research different vaccines:
- Poster Rubric [ Download ] Use rubric to grade each groups poster