Part of Unit: Architectural Drafting
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
This lesson is an introduction to architectural drafting for visual communication purposes. The purpose of this lesson is to teach beginning Interior Design students how to draw a 1/4" floorplan.
- Lesson Duration
- 2 Days
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- FID.B.B5.1 Understand the measurement of interior spaces, including unusually shaped and ro...
- FID.B.B5.4 Use the correct scale and architectural symbols to draw interior spaces, includi...
California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)
Objectives and Goals
- The students will:
- understand vocabulary words associated with drawing floor plans.
- demonstrate understanding of the concept of 1/4" = 1'-0" scale.
- draw a simple floor plan using 1/4 inch scale.
- demonstrate how to draw doors and windows into a floor plan.
Activities in this Lesson
- Graphic Communication Skills Hooks / Set
Download the PPT, intro _arch_drafting_ppt.pdf. This lesson is the first in a comprehensive series of interior design drafting exercises. Only the first lesson is provided here. This lesson is designed for beginning interior design students at the high school level.
The lesson begins with an explanation that architectural drafting is a technical skill that requires formal training and many hours of practice to master. This lesson will not teach the students to create working drawings that will be used to build structures. The lesson is intended to teach beginning interior designers the basics of drafting a 1/4" floorplan, for visual communication purposes with the client. A lesson guide that supports the PPT allows the students follow along at their own pace . Download intro_arch_drafting.pdf. I find the lesson guide beneficial for students that need more reinforcement. The students will have a note taking sheet/study guide tool to follow along with the PPT. Download intro_arch_drafting_notes.pdf. An answer key for the note taking sheet has been provided. Download intro_arch_drafting_notes_ key.pdf.
- Drafting 101 Lecture
Continue presenting the PPT, intro_arch_drafting_ppt.pdf.
Topics covered in this lesson are:
Plan view/bird's eye view
Scale drawings: 1/4" =1", 1/2"=1'
Wall thickness sizes
Inch and feet notations
Answer Key to PPT questions:
10'-6" reads 10 feet and 6 inches
6" reads 6 inches
9' reads 9 feet
3 steps to drawing a simple floor plan
Drawing a simple plan with a door and windows
Drawing a rough drawing
Convert a rough drawing into a 1/4" scale floor plan
The PPT will guide the students and the teacher through the lesson. A lesson guide and a note taking sheet/study guide is attached in the hook/set section . If you use the lesson guide, the students will have access to the text in the PPT. The slower students, that need more support filling out the note taking sheet, won't slow down the progress of the class. A quick reference sheet, drafting fact sheet.pdf has been included for further support.
Resources and Materials
- Drafting Fact Sheet.pdf [ Download ]
- Drawing a 1/4" scale Floor Plan Guided Practice
The students will need 1/4" graph paper, download drafting_grid.pdf, a ruler and a dark colored pencil.
Review the 3 steps to drawing a 1/4" plan.
Have the students complete each step with you, as you show the PPT slide that demonstrates exactly what they should be doing. It makes it much easier if you go through the steps together the first time. After the first time through, they take off like rockets!
Answer key to PPT question: Why do you think drawing the second wall thickness line, on the outside of the inside line, is so important? If you drew the second wall thickness line in the inside of the space, it would make the inside measurement of the room smaller.
Resources and Materials
- drafting_grid.pdf [ Download ]
- Homework about your home Independent Practice
Bedroom Rough Sketch
For independent practice at home, the students will make a "rough sketch" drawing of their bedrooms with measurements added. They are instructed to freehand the floor plan layout and then measure or estimate each wall. Include windows, doors and closets. Remind them that it’s not suppose to look perfect, messy is normal for this stage. (Graph paper helps make the lines straighter, but it's not necessary to use it.) Neatness will be very important later.
If they don't have a tape measure, I explain that they can take a ribbon/rope/string and measure off the kitchen counter depth. Kitchen counter tops are typically 24" deep. They can then use the 24" length as a measurement tool to estimate the size of their room.
They will bring the rough sketch back to class the next day and convert it to a 1/4" scale drawing. If they forget or were absent they can still draw the rough draft from memory. Students that take the time to measure correctly are pleased with the outcome.
With smart phone technology, I recommend that they take pictures of each wall. This will help them remember details about the space. This is a good assignment to start with because they know the space well and feel comfortable drawing it.
I have attached a homework instruction sheet, download Homework_about_your_home.pdf. There are 3 handouts printed on one page to save paper. If you opt to use the lesson guide handout, you don't need to print the homework instruction sheet. The homework instructions are included in the handout.
Resources and Materials
- Homework_about_your_home.pdf [ Download ]
- Day 2/ Rough Sketch Conversion Guided Practice
Bedroom Rough Sketch Conversion : The students will bring back the rough sketches that they made of their rooms. Give them a piece of graph paper (you can use the printed, grid paper from yesterday) and a sheet of tracing paper. Have them tape the graph paper to the desk and the tracing paper on top of the graph paper, to keep it from moving. They will use the graph paper as a guide to draw their lines straight and perpendicular. They will also use the 1/4" grid as an architectural ruler to guide them as they convert the rough drawing.
Reinforce: 1 square = 1 foot.
Have the students use the measurements they took at home to draw the floorplan to 1/4" scale. Correctly place the doors, windows and closet.
Review the 3 steps to use when drawing floorplans:
(You can show the floorplan portion of the PPT from day one .)
1. Draw inside lines first
2. Add 1/2 of a square to the outside of the line they just drew (the inside line)
3. Add doors and window
I have attached pdf files of 1/4" furniture templates that they can use to place furniture into their bedroom plans. Download origbed_temp.pdf and bedroom_temp.pdf. Instruct the students to slide the templates under the tracing paper until they are pleased with the placement, then trace it in. This method saves time as opposed to drawing in each piece from scratch. It looks nicer and the sizes are more accurate and consistent.
* At this point, furniture placement and space planning haven't been covered. This activity can also be used a pre-test/warm-up to space planning bedrooms.
*I have always had my students use tracing paper. It costs more but in my opinion, a necessary expense. All my lessons are built around the premise of tracing paper and traceable templates. I buy the large 24" X 18" pads of tracing paper and cut the sheets into four pieces. Staples carries it cheaper than Michael's. The pad of paper is easier to cut than the rolls of tracing paper. For some projects we use 1/2 sheets and occasionally a whole sheet, but mostly, the quarter sheets work fine. I've been fortunate to have the price off-set by generous parent donations.
For presentation projects, I have the students wrap the tracing paper around a white, 8 1/2" x 11" sheet of paper. White card stock works best. They lay the tracing paper on the white paper and fold over the edges and put a little tape on the back. It makes the project much more professional looking and is more stable than a flimsy piece of tracing paper. A bit of a hassle but well worth it for the outcome.
If you really want to get crazy, you can have the students trace a border and title block onto the tracing paper before they start drawing. I wouldn't recommend it for this first lesson but later on, it really makes the work look nice. I've attached a border template that I made. Download border_template.pdf *You can use the drafting grid.pdf (attached in guided practice section) to make the border and title block, it has a similar format.
- Over and Out Closure
Show the last few slides of the PPT i ntro_arch_drafting_ppt.pdf for review purposes. Go over the vocabulary words and prepare the students for a vocab quiz. Encourage them to read carefully! Some of the questions are tricky.
Suggestions for future lessons:
Placing Doors and Windows: The students trace a one bedroom apartment floorplan that has no windows or doors, onto a sheet of tracing paper. Download, fplan_no_windows.pdf. I give out a door and window reference sheet that has 1/4" scale architectual symbols of door and window styles. Download window_sym.pdf and doors.pdf. For now, we keep the windows simple, focusing on placement. Have the students decide which type of door would be appropriate for each opening and draw it in. Talk about the importance of the way the door swings and which side the hinges should be placed on. The way the door opens into the room is very important. The students will use problem solving skills to decide the best placement for the doors and windows.
I've attached other 1/4' templates and resources that may be used for other space planning lessons.
Resources and Materials
- fplan_no_windows.pdf [ Download ]
- window_sym.pdf [ Download ]
- doors.pdf [ Download ]
- origlivroom_temp.pdf [ Download ]
- dining_temp.pdf [ Download ]
- sectionals_temp.pdf [ Download ]
- office_temp.pdf [ Download ]
- one_bedroom_plan.pdf [ Download ]
- furn_guide_bed.pdf [ Download ]
- furn_guide_living.pdf [ Download ]
- furn_guide_dinin.pdf [ Download ]
- flooring_temp.pdf [ Download ]
- Things you'll need Other
Computer to show PowerPoint presentations
Projector for the computer
PowerPoints/Resources from lesson plan (attached for download)
- intro_arch_drafting.pdf (optional lesson guide)
- intro_arch_drafting_notes.pdf (note taking sheet)
- intro_arch_drafting_key.pdf (note taking sheet key)
- homework_about_your_home.pdf (not needed if using lesson guide)
- border_temp.pdf (optional)
- drafting fact sheet.pdf (optional)
- numerous attachments for optional extended learning activites (optional)
1/4" Graph paper ( grid paper attached drafting_grid.pdf)
Dark colored pencil
- Assessment Types:
- Projects, Demonstrations, Teacher-Made Test,
Goal one was met by: completing a study guide and taking a vocabulary quiz.
Goal two was met by: drawing floor plans using 1/4" scale.
Goal three was met by: the rough sketch conversion assignment.
Goal four was met by: the rough sketch conversion assignment and the optional, placing doors and windows assignment.