Lesson Plan Industry Sector
Fashion and Interior Design

Lesson Plan Originally Created By: Cyndi Whitton

Introduction to Textiles

Part of Unit: Textiles and Textile Products

Lesson Plan Overview / Details

This lesson is one of five lessons that will educate the students on a foundation in textiles. In this lesson the students will learn  why it is important for a designer and a consumer to have textile knowledge and how they will use this knowledge in a fashion career. They will do a hands on activity to learn what a fiber is and the difference between a staple and filament fiber. Career opportunities in the textile industry will also be covered.

Introduction to Textiles

One class period
55 Minutes


California's 2008 CTE Standards

California Academic Content Standards (Reinforced)

Objectives and Goals

  • The students will be able explain what fiber is and how it is used to create textiles.
  • The students will be able to demonstrate the difference between a staple and filament fiber.
  • The students will be able to explain how a staple or filament fiber change the final textile for both a designer and consumer.

Activities in this Lesson

  • Show UTube video attached below "The Fabric of Society". This is a 6 minute introduction to the entire textile unit. It is done very well and give students a good idea of what to expect in all 5 of the textile lessons.

    Since this is just one lesson move right from the video into the lesson.

    Resources and Materials

  • This lesson is the first in a series of 5 lessons on textiles. This is the least hands-on but sets the foundational knowledge needed for the next set of lessons. There is a Powerpoint included below.

    5 minutes - hook - see above

    15 minutes - Lecture

    Hand out the guided notes.

    Starting with slide #1  tell the students the definition of textile. The term textile comes from the Latin word texere, which means to weave.

    Slide #2 Why study textiles (notes are printed on the bottom of each powerpoint slide.

    -You will be able to make better choices as a consumer Example Acrylic vs Wool.

    -You will be able to select the best fabric for a design.

    -You will feel better because you will have selected the correct fabric for the correct function. Example: Work out clothes vs Career Clothes

    Slide #3 Key Words - the definitions will come in later slides. Tell the students that they should have a firm knowledge of these words at the end of the period.

    Slide #4 Textile Industry - review the bullet points on the slide with students. The objective of this slide is to show the students the history and importance of this large industry.

    Slide #5 How are textiles used? Review bullet points on slide. Objective of this slide is to further educate the students on the entire textile industry. Textiles are not just for fashion.

    Slide #6 Careers in Textiles Review the types of career opportunities that are available in the textile industry alone. There are opportunities in a wide variety of interests. (Example: a student who might like science and fashion could work to develop new textiles.)

    Slide # 7 Have the students write the definition for fiber, staple and filament. Explain the differences. Discuss the impact that the type of fiber has on the finished textile and garment. Example: Filament fibers that are used to make silk fabric come from the silk worm and as they unwind the cocoon it is one continuous fiber. This makes the fabric smooth and will reduces pilling. The opposite would be a staple fiber that may be so short in length that you might be able to just pull a piece off a sweater. These small staple fibers often fall out of fabric after many washings that makes them thinner. Sheets that get thinner and thinner after washing are getting that way because of the little staple fibers falling out. This is not always negative - Hollister prides itself on aging their fabrics so that they feel like your old favorite sweatshirt.

    10 minutes - Activity

    Give each student  two small pieces of yarn. Have them take one piece and unwind it until that can get it down to the small fiber. Pass around a tape dispenser and have to students tape the whole piece and the one taken apart on their guided notes. (This will serve as a visual reminder on their notes) If you are lucky enough to have a piece of real cotton you could show the students how that is a small fiber.

    20 minutes - Lecture

    Slide # 8 How Fiber is made into Fabric - This will be shown other times throughout the 5 lesson but it is important the students understand how something is converted from a small staple fiber growing in our California deserts to a piece of denim and finally to a pair of jeans. A diagram is shown on their guided notes as will as this slide. 

    Slides #9 - 11 characteristics of Fibers - People who make and use textiles make decisions on what textiles they use based on these 7 characteristics of fibers. Remind the students that these are characteristics of fibers not fabric. Based on the characteristics, fabric is made either of one fiber or a number of fibers to achieve the desired results. Example, polyester fibers are mixed with cotton fibers to produce a fabric that will have the positive characteristics of polyester with the positive effects of cotton. They will learn more about the individual characteristics of each type of fiber in the next few lessons.

    Resources and Materials

    • Fiber guided notes.docx [ Download ] Guided Notes
    • Fibers lesson 1.pptx [ Download ] null
  • Let's review Closure

    5 minutes - Let's Review Game

    Print slide 12 in the Powerpoint below. Note: Have them save this reply page for other lessons. If  this works well for you they can make reply cards out of 3X5 cards .

    Give each student a quick reply card. Have them fold it into fours. As a question is asked the students will hold up their card displaying the correct letter of answer. See the questions and answers on the attached Powerpoint. At the completion of these five questions you should get a feel if they are ready to move on.

    Resources and Materials

    • Intro fiber quiz.pptx [ Download ] Quick check for lesson


Assessment Types:
Demonstrations, Unit Final

The quick check quiz at the end of the lesson will allow you to give a quick assessment to see if the students are ready to move on.

There is a formal assessment at the end of lesson 5.