Course Industry Sector
Health Science and Medical Technology

Course Originally Created By: CTE Online

Biotechnology Research and Development Model

Course Overview / Details

Biotechnology is a large scientific field that uses research tools from chemistry and biology to study or solve problems, including human disease. Biotechnologies may be used to study the genetic material of viruses and bacteria to determine whether a disease is caused by particular disease-producing agents. Its techniques are also used to understand how genetic factors contribute to human disease. The information gathered in research can be used to develop diagnostic tests that enable speedy detection and identification of a disease so that an appropriate treatment can be developed. It can also help doctors screen their patients' genomes (all of an organism's genes) for existing diseases or a predisposition for diseases such as cancer.

The standards for the Biotechnology Research and Development Pathway and related courses apply to occupations and functions in biotechnology research and development that apply primarily to human health. The standards specify the knowledge and skills common to occupations in this pathway. Students participating in a strong, industy-driven Biotechnology program can expect to conduct research using bioinformatics theory and methods in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. Additionally, students may use extended technologies to design databases and develop algorithms for processing and analyzing genomic information, or other biological information pertinent to this field.

Industry Sector, Pathway(s) and Grade Levels

9 to 12
Industries and Pathways:
Biotechnology Research and Development, Health Science and Medical Technology

CTE Course Certification Elements

  • Course Level: Capstone
  • CBEDS Course: Biotechnology I
  • CBEDS #: 4245
  • Total Hours: 190
  • Course Length: 2 Semesters
  • State Certified: No
  • Board Approval: Yes
  • Labor Market Demand: High
  • Is this course industry certified?: No
  • Course Type: Career-Technical Preparation
  • CSU/UC Approval: No
O*NET Occupations
Occupation NameOccupation Code
Biomedical Engineers17-2031.00
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00
Biological Scientists, All Other19-1029.00
Biological Technicians19-4021.00

Related Occupations


  • California's 2013 CTE Standards: 1
  • California's 2008 CTE Standards: 91
  • California Academic Content Standards: Reinforced: 76
  • California Standards for the Teaching Profession: 2
  • Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS): 7
  • Common Core Standards: Reinforced: 2
  • Next Generation Science Standards: 5
  • All Standards
  • Full Details

Competencies / Outcomes

  • The role of the biotechnology industry and product development in curing diseases
  • The fundamentals of mathematical and scientific concepts related to biotechnology
  • Major scientific genetic, production, information and data issues in biotechnology
  • Principles of major laboratory procedures
  • Biotechnology product design/development, procedures, licensure and regulations
  • Ethical, moral, legal, and cultural issues
  • Advise and assist in the application of instrumentation in clinical environments.
  • Analyze new medical procedures to forecast likely outcomes.
  • Conduct research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, on the engineering aspects of the biological systems of humans and animals.
  • Develop models or computer simulations of human biobehavioral systems to obtain data for measuring or controlling life processes.
  • Diagnose and interpret bioelectric data, using signal processing techniques.
  • Evaluate the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of biomedical equipment.
  • Install, adjust, maintain, and/or repair biomedical equipment.
  • Research new materials to be used for products, such as implanted artificial organs.

Units in this Course

  • In this unit, students will explore the role of the biotechnology industry and biotechnology product development in curing diseases.  Lessons address topics such as researching biotechnology companies, how biotechnology has advanced the making of common food products, and current careers in the field.

    3 Weeks
  • In this unit, students will review and expand on the fundamentals of mathematical and scientific concepts related to biotechnology. Lessons address such topics as the structure and function of DNA and chromosomes, the central dogma of molecular biology, using cultures, and the basics of lab work.

    6 Weeks
  • In this unit, students will explore the role of recombinant DNA and genetic engineering, bioprocessing, monoclonal antibody production, separation and purification of biotechnology products, nanotechnology, bioinformatics, genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in biotechnical product development.  Lessons address such topics as bacterial transformation, recombinant DNA, bioprospecting, and DNA sequencing.

    10 Weeks
  • In this unit, students will determine the principles of solution preparation, contamination control, measurement and calibration, and emergency laboratory response.  Lessons address such topics as the use of biotechnology lab equipment, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), epidemiology, microscopy, gel electrophoresis, and bacterial isolation.

    8 Weeks
  • In this unit, students will study biotechnology product design and development, laboratory procedures, product licensure, and the regulatory process for product development and clinical trials.  Lessons address such topics as how pharmaceutical drugs are discovered and produced.

    3 Weeks
  • In this unit, students will explore the ethical, moral, legal, and cultural issues related to the use of biotechnology research and product development.  Lessons address such topics as the ethics of "invitro meat," fetal tissue transplantation, GMOs as intellectual property, and alternative medicines.

    3 Weeks