Part of Unit: Physical Conditioning
Lesson Plan Overview / Details
In this lesson students will measure passive hamstring flexion with a goniometer pre and post warm-up and note the differences. Also students will then use PNF stretching, again noting the differences and record. Follow up questions will then answered.
Loose fitting clothing along with running shoes are essential to complete lesson.
- Class period
- 50 Minutes
California Career and Technical Education Standards
- HSMT.B.B2.2 Know the process for evaluating and appraising the appropriateness of information.
- HSMT.B.B2.4 Use appropriate documentation to report information about patients and clients.
- HSMT.B.B3.6 Use proper body mechanics, ergonomics, safety equipment, and techniques to preve...
- HSMT.E.E3.4 Use equipment and instruments in accordance with manufacturers’ guidelines and a...
- HSMT.FS.10.7 Understand the processes used to evaluate alternative health practices.
- HSMT.FS.11.0 Demonstration and Application
- HSMT.FS.5.2 Understand the universal, systematic problem solving model that incorporates inp...
- HSMT.FS.5.3 Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and solve problems.
- HSMT.FS.6.4 Understand principles of body mechanics and ergonomics in providing patient care.
- HSMT.FS.7.7 Understand and demonstrate methods for promoting health and wellness.
Objectives and Goals
- Students will be able to measure hamstring flexibility with the use of a goniometer.
- Students will be able to explain the most effective stretching method.
- Students will be able to record patient information using appropriate terminology.
- Students will be able to place patient in safe position preventing injury to themselves and the patient.
Activities in this Lesson
- If You Don't stretch - Hooks / Set
Play you tube video of a sprinter injuring his hamstring during 100 yard dash.
Discuss that good flexibility is essential to successful physical performance. Athletic trainers feel that good flexibility is important in injury prevention to the musculotendinous unit. Athletic trainers will generally insist that stretching exercises be included as part of the warm-up before the athlete engages in strenous activity.
- Stretching Precautions - Lecture
A demonstration of passive hamstring flexion and PNF stretching is necessary. Stretching is dangerous and if not done properly injury can result.
Never bounce during a stretch or perform any type of ballistic or forceful stretch.
Certain precautions need to be taken when performing PNF stretches as they can put added stress on the targeted muscle group, which can increase the risk of soft tissue injury. To help reduce this risk, it is important to include a conditioning phase before a maximum, or intense effort is used.
Have student volunteer lie down on floor and grab leg to be measured and bring into passive flexion with the other leg remaining on the ground. Place the goniometer right at the greater trocanter of the hip being flexed. Measure and give reading aloud.
Then demonstrate 3 cycles of contract relax PNF stretching and measure after the 3rd cycle.
Now break into groups of three and get a passive hip flexion reading and record on scratch paper.
- PNF Stretching Explained.doc [ Download ] Use the attached document to instruct proper PNF stretching.
- Jog around the Track - Lab / Shop
Bring entire class out to track and have one member of each group jog around the track and have the remaining group members measure pssive hip flexion the moment they completed their jog. (Note: remember to measure the same leg from earlier.)
Repeat with each member of the group.
After every member of the groups have finished have them go throuhg 3 cycles of contract relax and record the final measurement. Repeat for every group member.
- Assessment Types:
- Projects, Observations,
During lab At the end of the lab students will turn in completed lab packet with all questions answered in complete sentences.