Public Health Needs Assessment


This lesson is the second in a series of four lesson plans which serves as an introduction and guide to students in how to complete a public health needs assessment. Students will identify an at-risk group in their community and assess the health needs of this target group utilizing secondary data. The needs assessment serves as the foundation for the public health plan to be completed in lesson 3.


A community health needs assessment is a systematic process involving the community to identify and analyze community health requirements and assets in order to prioritize these requisites, and to plan and act upon significant unmet community health disparities.

This lesson consists of 4 activities; A hook and 3 activities which when completed, will produce specific sections of the needs assessment project. Students will also evaluate their group's performance as well as their own performance within the group.

Lesson Times

2 Hours
2 Class Periods

Industries / Subjects / Grades

Industries / Pathways
  • Health Science and Medical Technology Health Science and Medical Technology
K-12 Subjects
  • History/Social Science
    • Culture & Peoples
Grade Levels
  • 11
  • 12

Standards and Objectives


Next Generation Science Standards (2)
California's 2013 CTE Standards (3)

Related Instructional Objectives (SWBAT...)

  • Students will work in groups to create a public health needs assessment.
  • Students will select a local health disparity to research using reliable resources to collect secondary data..
  • Students will identify the priority population most affected by the health disparity they selected.
  • Students will draw conclusions about the relationships between priority populations and health disparities and provide examples to support their conclusions.

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