Child and Adolescent Development - CTE Online Model

by CTE Online Admin

This concentration level course is a study of the physical, perceptual, cognitive, personality, and language developmental stages of children from conception through adolescence, including the principle theories of development and their application. The need for an understanding of how children develop and what influences their development is an important component of contributing to the demands of our complex society. Students will develop an understanding of children and the developmental process through readings, case studies, observations, individual research projects and group project work. Active class participation is enhanced by limited community classroom placement under the guidance of a mentor teacher. All students are required to observe and/or participate in settings and classrooms at the preschool/primary/elementary or middle/junior high levels at the end of the Spring semester.

About the Team: This structure of this course and the materials contained within it were created by a team of educators from across the state with support from the CTE Online curriculum leadership team and detailed coordination provided by the Course Specialist Pat Peck.

From CALPADS: Intermediate Child Development (Concentrator)

This concentration course prepares students to understand children's physical, mental, emotional, and social growth and development, as well as provide for their care and guidance. Instruction includes prenatal developments; research theories in human growth and development from prenatal stages of development to puberty and beyond; inherited characteristics; health and safety; guidance and discipline; cultural diversity; child abuse and neglect; and children with special needs. This course provides a solid foundation for any career that involves working with children, including child care and education.

Program Information
CTE Certification Elements
California's 2013 CTE Standards (6)
California English Common Core Standards (3)
California's 2008 CTE Standards (60)
California Academic Content Standards (14)
Competencies / Outcomes

Upon completion of this course, students will:

  • Examine the importance of childhood as a time for essential development
  • Consider the basic family unit and the extensions of that in today's society.
  • Develop observation skills necessary to assess a child's developmental stages and needs.
  • Examine how children learn and the application of developmental theories to this process.
  • Examine the special challenges that some children face and how the needs of these children can be met.
  • Analyze the major decisions and responsibilities of parenting and evaluate care-giving options.
  • Explain the benefits of studying child development
  • Review the history of the study of child development
  • Identify research methods used to collect data on children.
  • Explain how prenatal development from conception to birth occurs and describe characteristics of a normal development
  • Develop a list of and evaluate community resources that provide information and assistance with prenatal care and family planning.
  • Compare theories regarding human growth and development.
  • Describe communication techniques and assess the effects of their use with children.
  • Analyze the relationship of guidance to the development of self-discipline.
  • Analyze case studies that describe inappropriate behavior to determine possible causes and suggest solutions.
  • Assess the effectiveness of various guidance strategies in promoting self-worth and self-discipline in children
  • Understand child abuse laws and reporting procedures
  • Investigate causes of abusive behavior and strategies that help in reducing child abuse and neglect
  • Investigate and select community agencies and resources that provide child health care services and information.
  • Describe the relationship of learning, play, and recreational activities to the commonly accepted principles of the development of children and adults.
  • Plan, conduct and evaluate learning, play, and recreational activities that enhance the physical development of children and adolescents.
  • Identify the influence of culture on a child's behavior and learning.
  • Identify the characteristics of children with special needs.
  • Describe and analyze strategies for helping children with special needs.
  • Identify factors that contribute to change in the lives of children.
  • Analyze how changes and crises affect infants, children, and adolescents.
  • Identify appropriate strategies and resources that help children and adolescents in adapting to changes and crises.
  • Explain how changes in technology have an impact on children and adolescents and describe methods for helping them to adapt to those changes.
  • Investigate and identify careers in Child Development and Child Psychology and the components and pathways to developing such careers.


The Developing Child, Holly Brisbane, Glencoe Co, 2006, (ISBN: 0-07-868969-4)

Working With Young Children, Judy Herr, The Goodheart Willcox Co. Inc., 2008 (ISBN: 978-1-59070-813-2)

Chiildren, The Early Years, Celia Decker, The Goodheart Willcox Co, Inc, 2006, (ISBN: 1-59070-546-7)

Child Development, Celia Anita Decker, The Goodheart Willcox Co. Inc., 2011 (ISBN: 978-1-60525-293-3)


Curriculum Frameworks and other supporting materials

Exploring Child Development, Transaction and Transformation, Richard Fabes & Carol Lynn Martin, Copyright 2000 by Allyn & Bacon

Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education, George Morrison, Pearson/Merrill, 5th Edition, 2008


Introduction to Child Development

This unit will introduce the study of Child Development to students. It will provide students with an overview of what is covered in Child Development, the importance of study, the uniqueness of children, and how interactions influence behavior and development.

Instructional Hours: 5

5 Hours

Family Development and Parenting

Students will understand the function of the family as a basic unit of society and the contributionsof the family unit to the developmenf of individuals. Students will describe the roles of parents in all areas of the development of children. Family types, the family life cycle, and parenting styles will be studied.

10 Hours

Prenatal Development

Students will study prenatal development including study from conception to birth, nature vs. nuture, and environmental considerations in prenatal development. This unit will include options in chidbirth and the birth process.

Instructional Hours: 5

5 Hours

Understanding Ages and Stages

Study will include growth and development from birth through age twelve. Emphasis will include cognitive, social, language, personality and physical development

Students will learn the characteristics of children at different ages. This unit will give an overview of children's physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development. Students will learn how to differientiate their teaching skills to fit the developmental needs and interests of children at different ages. Students will also develop their observation skills. Techniques for objectively observing and recording children's behavior will be described and practiced.

Theories of Development

Study of the growth and development of children and adolescents in the areas of physical, cognitive, language, personality, emotional and social development . Study will include sequences and patterns of development, influence of heredity and environment. Students will also examine theories of development including Piaget, Gardner, Montessori, Erikson, and Maslow

10 Hours

Positive Guidance and Discipline

This unit is designed to help students understand the roles of positive interaction, guidance and discipline in the family and educational environment.

Instructional Hours: 10

10 Hours

Self Concept in Children

Students will study of the development of self-esteem and factors that influence this. They will gain insight into how to help children develop good self-esteem at all ages studied. The relationship of guidance to the development of self discipline and fostering positive self-concept is studied.

5 Hours

Nutrition, Health and Safety Practices

This unit will include study of infant, preschool and school age nutritional requirements, meal planing, requirements of menu planning in preschools and elementary schools, how to teach children to make good choices in nutrition, good health practices, safety requirements in the preschool and elementary school, and safety education at these levels.

Students will gain the understanding and apply the principles and practices of good nutrition, health, and safety for infants and children. In order to meet program goals students will learn how food is used by the body, and nutriets and their sources. Students will develop meal plans and food experiences for early childhood programs.

7 Hours

Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum and Learning Experiences for Children

This unit will include examination of resources avail able and selection of appropriate learning experiences for children through school age. Study will include learning theories, age appropriate activities, and objective writing and lesson development.

The student will select,develop, and teach lessons in the areas of language arts, mathematics, science, art, nutrition, music and social science.

Instructional Hours: 20

Classroom - Lab
20 Hours

Literature for Children

This unit will allow students the opportunity to select books appropriate to children through school age and develop storytelling skills.

10 Hours

Toys and Play

This unit includes an overview of the stages of play, toy selection and safety, development as affected through play, electronic games and the internet and their effects on development.

Instructional Hours: 15

15 Hours

Children with Special Needs

Study will focus on children with special needs: types of special needs, the challenges of meeting these needs, and the impact on the family.

5 Hours

Family Challenges

This unit will give students an overview of specific challenges in the family including divorce, single parenting, serious illness, family separation due to deployment, adoption, death, and multiple births. Students will select one challenge to explore in depth throgh research and interview.

20 Hours

Observation Skills

Students will develop skills in observation techniques of children. They will practice observation in preschools and elementary schools.

Instructional Hours: 10

Career Exploration: Types of Early Childhood Programs and Employability Skills

Students will explore career and employment opportunities and identify skills and requirements necessary for entry into the field of child development and education. They will identify skills developed in this area and develop tools to gain employment including a resume, proper completion of a job application, development of a portfolio that wil showcase the student's abilities, talents, education and experiences, job search strategies, and interview techniques.

Students will explore career opportunities in the early childhood field and the responsibilities and characteristics of successful early childhood teachers. Various types of programs are researced both in philosophy and practice, as well as locating local programs and the requirements to gain employment in them.

10 Hours

Licensing and Regulation of a Quality Childcare Center PBL Project

The core mission of the Child Care Licensing Program is to ensure the health and safety of children in care. The Child Care Licensing Program strives to provide preventive, protective, and quality services to children in care by ensuring that licensed facilities meet established health and safety standards through monitoring facilities, providing technical assistance, and establishing partnerships with providers, parents, and the child care community.

Through this project, students will learn about Community Care Licensing, Title 22 Regulations, Children's rights, and the licensing process. They will then be responsible to design a childcare center, both indoors and outdoors! 

Employment Portfolio

The lessons in this unit will consist of activities that teach the student how to write a portfolio for a student organization or for a future job.

The areas are:

  • Job Applications
    • Who wants a job?
    • Who would you choose?
    • How to fill out an application
    • Vocabulary
    • Second Day - How to pickup and return an application
    • How to ask for and return an application
    • Role playing
    • Role playing
    • On-line applications
  • Writing a Resume
    • Resume Worksheet-pre activity
    • Resume Richard video (2 minutes)
    • How to write a resume
    • Which resume would you choose
    • How to fill out Work Experience heading
    • Rough draft of resume
    • Resume Power Point
  • Letter of Introduction or Cover Letters
    • Humorous cover letter
    • The importance of a cover letter
    • How to write a cover letter
  • Letters of recommendation
    • Students will obtain 3 letters of recommendations
    • What is a letter of recommendation.
    • How to write a letter of recommendation.
    • Personal characteristics assessment
  • Job Interviews
10 Hours