Criminal Justice Model

by CTE Online Admin

Students learn the principles of the criminal justice field, the many criminal justice agencies, and federal, state and local laws.

The course of study includes: historical perspective of American police agencies, with an emphasis on California law enforcement; philosophy of the origins of crime and the social impact on society; development of the criminal justice system, current trends and their relevance to local and state law enforcement; hiring and testing processes for positions in law enforcement; laws of arrest, search and seizure laws; court process; penal and vehicle codes - what constitutes a crime; child abuse and related offenses; drug and alcohol abuse and related offenses.

Program Information
Industries / Pathways
  • Public Services
    • Legal Practices
Grade Levels
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
CTE Certification Elements
Course Level
Total Hours
Course Length
2 Semesters
State Certified
Board Approval
Labor Market Demand
Is this course industry certified?
Course Type
Career-Technical Preparation
CSU/UC Approval

O*NET Occupations

Occupation Name Occupation Code
Transit and Railroad Police 33-3052.00
Immigration and Customs Inspectors 33-3021.05
Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 33-9031.00
Police Patrol Officers 33-3051.01
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 33-1011.00
Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-9099.00
Bailiffs 33-3011.00
Private Detectives and Investigators 33-9021.00
Correctional Officers and Jailers 33-3012.00
Transportation Security Screeners 33-9099.01
Police Detectives 33-3021.01
Parking Enforcement Workers 33-3041.00
Security Guards 33-9032.00
Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 21-1092.00
Animal Control Workers 33-9011.00
First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-1099.00
Social Workers, All Other 21-1029.00
Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 33-3051.00
Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 33-3051.03
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives 33-1012.00
Forensic Science Technicians 19-4092.00
Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 33-9092.00
Police Identification and Records Officers 33-3021.02
Criminal Investigators and Special Agents 33-3021.03

Related Occupations

33-3012.00 Correctional Officers and Jailers Bright Outlook Bright Outlook
33-3021.03 Criminal Investigators and Special Agents

13-1041.06 Coroners Bright Outlook

Police Officer, Sheriffs Deputy, Park Ranger, Bailiff, Corrections, Investigator.

California's 2013 CTE Standards: 17
California's 2008 CTE Standards: 43
Next Generation Science Standards: 19
California Math Common Core Standards: 4
California English Common Core Standards: 10
California Academic Content Standards: 28
Competencies / Outcomes
  • Students will have a thorough understanding of the criminal justice system.
  • Students will research the legislation of crime, the causes of crime, and how crime is reported.
  • Students will summarize local, state, and federal levels of law enforcement.
  • Students will apply what they have learned in class when researching the major issues in criminal justice today.
  • Students will compare and contrast the civil and criminal justice systems, civil and criminal law, and their foundations.
  • Students will research the Constitution and other sources of law.
  • Students will research, compare and contrast the various criminal justice agencies, local, state, and federal.
  • Students will research the various era's of policing. This includes the political era, the reform, and the community era.
  • The course offers students the ability to thoroughly research and summarize an officers use of force, non - lethal and non lethal.

The BODY as a Crime Scene - STEM Integrated Unit

In any assault, whether it's a punch in the nose or a murder, the BODY is a crime scene in its own right. It contains physical evidence that can be examined in place, documented, collected and then subjected to further detailed analysis in the crime laboratory. When done in a careful, methodical manner an unbiased story of what happened can be discerned.

This unit provides an academic and hands-on introduction to many aspects of applied Forensic Sciences. It is most appropriate for early in the school year as it provides a foundation for later, detailed instruction in the various disciplines that make up forensic science.

In addition to the CTE/STEM focus of the unit/project lessons, educators will find academic lessons in Science and Math that supplement the primary core area of study.

Note to the Teacher: Some of these lessons may be disturbing for young students and are therefore intended for grades 11-12 students who are actively pursuing coursework and a career in law enforcement or crime scene science / forensics.

This unit is brought to you by: Jay Crawford, Gordon Sanford, and Jodi Halligan with support from the CTE Online curriculum leadership team and detailed coordination provided by the Course Specialist, Trish Valceschini.

CTE (Public Services)
14 Class Periods
7 Class Periods
5 Class Periods
Lesson Plans

The Other Crime Scene - STEM Integrated Unit

In a violent crime, much of the evidence may be found on the victim and suspect. In these circumstances, the body becomes a crime scene. Crimes of violence are usually considered a more important type of crime than a crime merely involving private property or the public peace, so realizing that evidence may be present and taking the time and effort to isolate, preserve and collect the associated evidence becomes paramount. However, in all types of crimes, even violent ones, the location where the event happened is also considered a crime scene. A crime scene can be expected to hold evidence. This evidence may confirm that the crime happened, that it happened at this location, the manner in which it happened and who is responsible.

This unit will cover how crime scenes are located, identified, defined, isolated, searched and documented. The answers to these questions will affect how evidence is collected, packaged and transported.

In addition to the CTE/STEM focus of the unit/project lessons, educators will find academic lessons in Science, Math and English Language Arts (ELA) that supplement the primary core area of study.

This unit is brought to you by: Jay Crawford, Gordon Sanford, and Jodi Halligan with support from the CTE Online curriculum leadership team and detailed coordination provided by the Course Specialist, Trish Valceschini.

CTE (Public Services)
7 Class Periods
4 Class Periods
10 Class Periods
4 Class Periods
Lesson Plans

The Criminal Justice System

This unit will provide students with an introduction to the criminal justice system, which includes law enforcement, the courts, and corrections.

A special focus on the causes of crime and those arrested for them will be emphasized.

Types of crimes, their definition and punishment will be discussed. Various methods, benefits, and requirements of reporting crimes by law enforcement agencies will be reviewed.

Constitutional law and it's foundation for all statutory law will be critically analyzed.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans

Police & Law Enforcement

This unit will provide the student with a thorough overview of law enforcement in the United States today and its roots. This will include a review of all of the various law enforcement agencies and possible careers.

Students will have an opportunity to thoroughly discuss and understand the many steps in the application process. This will include the disqualifying decisions some interested in a law enforcement career may make before becoming an applicant.

The application process is only one step in a successful law enforcement career. Topics of community policing, corruption, the thin blue line, and use of force will be discussed.

Amendments of the Constitution which direct how an officer carry out their duties and the impact of case law, or court made law and current cases will be discussed utilizing actual and cases.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans

Civil & Criminal Courts

A thorough review of the American Court System will cover the courts and judges.

The pretrial process and how they impact the court trial process will be discussed. Students will see why the pretrial process has turned the court trial process into an adversary system, which in some ways detracts from the original intent.

An opportunity to become part of the court room process will help students understand the criminal trial.

Punishment and the disparities in sentencing will provide students with an opportunity to understand the struggles of addressing criminal behavior in society today.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans

Sentencing & Corrections

Participants will review possibilities other than imprisonment. This includes community corrections, probation, parole, community service, work furlough, intensive supervision, home supervision, and rehabilitation.

These alternatives generate difficult conversations around what seems to be a move away from a get tough approach.

Prisons and jails are a major component of corrections and rehabilitation; however there is a large cost associated with them. Prisons and jails have been part of a large boom and a growth industry.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans

Special Issues

The juvenile system is the beginning for many in the adult justice system. Most all of those in the adult justice system began their journey at a very young age. With budget cuts, juvenile systems are being cut too.

Terrorism is not a new problem, but with recent events in the world and in the United States it seems so. Effective strategies to address terrorism will be discussed. Strategies have to ensure rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution are not violated.

In a 2005 survey of 7,818 businesses, 67 % of them reported being a victim of cyber crime at least once. Most statistics involving cyber crime are conservative. Reasons given include crimes being underreported for a variety of reasons.

Conservative estimates for victims of identity theft are over fifteen million each year. Losses are estimated at well over fifty billion dollars every year.

These crimes will be discussed with an emphasis on prevention.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans