Criminal Justice Model

by CTE Online Admin

Students learn the principles of the criminal justice field, the many criminal justice agencies, and federal, state and local laws.

The course of study includes: historical perspective of American police agencies, with an emphasis on California law enforcement; philosophy of the origins of crime and the social impact on society; development of the criminal justice system, current trends and their relevance to local and state law enforcement; hiring and testing processes for positions in law enforcement; laws of arrest, search and seizure laws; court process; penal and vehicle codes - what constitutes a crime; child abuse and related offenses; drug and alcohol abuse and related offenses.

Program Information
CTE Certification Elements
Standards
California's 2008 CTE Standards (43)
California Academic Content Standards (28)
Competencies / Outcomes
  • Students will have a thorough understanding of the criminal justice system.
  • Students will research the legislation of crime, the causes of crime, and how crime is reported.
  • Students will summarize local, state, and federal levels of law enforcement.
  • Students will apply what they have learned in class when researching the major issues in criminal justice today.
  • Students will compare and contrast the civil and criminal justice systems, civil and criminal law, and their foundations.
  • Students will research the Constitution and other sources of law.
  • Students will research, compare and contrast the various criminal justice agencies, local, state, and federal.
  • Students will research the various era's of policing. This includes the political era, the reform, and the community era.
  • The course offers students the ability to thoroughly research and summarize an officers use of force, non - lethal and non lethal.
Units

The Criminal Justice System

This unit will provide students with an introduction to the criminal justice system, which includes law enforcement, the courts, and corrections.

A special focus on the causes of crime and those arrested for them will be emphasized.

Types of crimes, their definition and punishment will be discussed. Various methods, benefits, and requirements of reporting crimes by law enforcement agencies will be reviewed.

Constitutional law and it's foundation for all statutory law will be critically analyzed.

Classroom
30 Hours

Police & Law Enforcement

This unit will provide the student with a thorough overview of law enforcement in the United States today and its roots. This will include a review of all of the various law enforcement agencies and possible careers.

Students will have an opportunity to thoroughly discuss and understand the many steps in the application process. This will include the disqualifying decisions some interested in a law enforcement career may make before becoming an applicant.

The application process is only one step in a successful law enforcement career. Topics of community policing, corruption, the thin blue line, and use of force will be discussed.

Amendments of the Constitution which direct how an officer carry out their duties and the impact of case law, or court made law and current cases will be discussed utilizing actual and cases.

30 Hours

Civil & Criminal Courts

A thorough review of the American Court System will cover the courts and judges.

The pretrial process and how they impact the court trial process will be discussed. Students will see why the pretrial process has turned the court trial process into an adversary system, which in some ways detracts from the original intent.

An opportunity to become part of the court room process will help students understand the criminal trial.

Punishment and the disparities in sentencing will provide students with an opportunity to understand the struggles of addressing criminal behavior in society today.

30 Hours

Sentencing & Corrections

Participants will review possibilities other than imprisonment. This includes community corrections, probation, parole, community service, work furlough, intensive supervision, home supervision, and rehabilitation.

These alternatives generate difficult conversations around what seems to be a move away from a get tough approach.

Prisons and jails are a major component of corrections and rehabilitation; however there is a large cost associated with them. Prisons and jails have been part of a large boom and a growth industry.

30 Hours

Special Issues

The juvenile system is the beginning for many in the adult justice system. Most all of those in the adult justice system began their journey at a very young age. With budget cuts, juvenile systems are being cut too.

Terrorism is not a new problem, but with recent events in the world and in the United States it seems so. Effective strategies to address terrorism will be discussed. Strategies have to ensure rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution are not violated.

In a 2005 survey of 7,818 businesses, 67 % of them reported being a victim of cyber crime at least once. Most statistics involving cyber crime are conservative. Reasons given include crimes being underreported for a variety of reasons.

Conservative estimates for victims of identity theft are over fifteen million each year. Losses are estimated at well over fifty billion dollars every year.

These crimes will be discussed with an emphasis on prevention.

30 Hours
Lesson Plans