This introductory course provides students with the foundational concepts required for pursuing career pathways within this industry sector. The skills and content knowledge helps prepare students to continue their education in multiple pathway concentrator courses within this industry sector. This course is a compilation of individual engineering lessons, units of study with multiple lessons in sequence, and STEM projects in engineering that compliment the lessons.
Engineering and Design provides learning opportunities for students interested in preparing for careers in the design and production of visual communications. Students plan, prepare, and interpret drawings and models through traditional drafting or computer-aided drafting and design (CADD) techniques.
From CALPADS: Introduction to Engineering and Architecture
This introduction course provides students with the foundational concepts required for pursuing career pathways within this industry sector. The skills and content knowledge helps prepare students to continue their education in multiple pathway concentrator courses within this industry sector.
|Occupation Name||Occupation Code|
|Marine Engineers and Naval Architects||17-2121.00|
|Engineers, All Other||17-2199.00|
|Electronics Engineers, Except Computer||17-2072.00|
Civil Drafters 17-3011.02
Electrical Engineering Technicians 17-3023.03
Engineering Managers - 11-9041.00
Engineers, All Other - 17-2199.00
Industrial Engineers - 17-2112.00
Architectural Drafters - 17-3011.01
Architectural and Civil Drafters - 17-3011.00
This unit will cover historical engineering feats and structural projects and their effect on society. The lessons will include information about the development of engineering as an occupation from 1325 AD to the various fields of engineering as we know today.
During the length of this course the students will accumulate sketches, working drawings, and written documents representative of the quality of their work. The portfolio cover will be original work designed by the student.
Career options in engineering and engineering related fields will be investigated with lessons. Comparsions of the duties and educational requirements of various engineering related occupations will be studied. Uniquely the past, present, and future trends in engineering will be researched. Students will understand how to make effective decisions, use career information, and manage personal career plans
This unit will cover basic tools and equipment used in the engineering design field. Tools and equipment for board drafting will be covered. Applications of computer-aided-drafting procedures are included along with the procedure to set up a basic title block.
In this unit, students are introduced to concepts of sketching, a foundation of engineering and technical communication. Freehand sketching is one of the most fundamental ways technical information is communicated.This is a technical sketching unit for entry level drafting students. It includes a sketching review, lessons plans, grade key, sample templates and a quiz. The unit is designed to teach students how to use basic tools and practices to achieve quality sketches that are neat, clean, accurate and legible.
Additional individual lessons are attached to this unit.
This unit introduces the student to lettering practices, applications and the Alphabet of Lines. This unit includes basic lettering standards and techniques lessons including: Introduction to Lettering Techniques, Lettering Tool, Technical Lettering and Applying Letters and the Alphabet of Lines. Through these lessons students will be working on projects such as: Lettering word wall, lettering practice- how to draw vertical and inclined lettering, compare lettering techniques with partners, watch a video about drafting tools, complete a tools activity sheet, update the word wall, take Cornell style notes, complete an optional Letter Project, create and present a group drawing using line styles, complete a line type exit activity.
This unit introduces basic measurement techniques essential to drafting. Lessons included are: Do You Rule, Off In The Distance, Are You Ready to Convert, and Fun with Fractions.Through these lessons students will be working on projects such as: Measuring and estimating lengths through a group scavenger hunt activity, working on measurement puzzles, learning about the 2 main systems of measurement and their backgrounds, learning how to make conversions between the systems, listening to a Metric System Rap, playing a Metric Victims Game as a class, creating their own paper rulers, learning how to add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions.
Additional individual lessons are attached to this unit.
This is a technical unit for entry level AutoCAD users to direct them through a set of initial drawings with the use of basic drawing tools and Cartesian coordinate problems. The unit is designed to introduce students how to use AutoCAD parameters and basic interface tools to create typical Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) drawing files in decimal format. Three types of Cartesian coordinate problems will be used in the activities; absolute, relative and polar. Students may use these lessons to create a file that can be saved and re-visited on occasion to refresh basic CAD practices.. The drawing files executed in this unit are the same as those used in the industry sector where AutoCAD is the program of choice.
This unit introduces the student to geometric constructions and the application of them. The students will learn how to use the common drafting tools to create such things as circles, arcs, lines, and squares to specific sizes and drawn correctly in relation to other objects. This unit relates to board drafting, not Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD) although the skills, vocabulary and understanding taught in this unit are necessary to students learning CAD. Some instructors in technology and drafting may wish to skip any such units involving board drafting using pencils and paper. However it is important for students to learn the definitions of various constructions and geometric relations in their simplest forms. Drawing these lines, circles, arcs, or squares on paper using the correct tools and procedures enhances a student's learning of difficult concepts such as the parts of a circle, tangency, circumscribed, inscribed, equilateral, isosceles, concentric, etc. Students spending the time going through this short unit will learn CAD faster and be able to apply the concepts to complex geometry and create other projects. The final products of this unit are three specific drawings assigned by the instructor for the students to create and have graded by the instructor. The skills learned would apply to almost all fields of Engineering and Design, such as Mechanical or Electrical engineering.
This unit includes basic geometric construction lessons.
Lessons included are:
Introduction to Geometric Construction
Geometric Construction in Single View
Geometric Construction Using CAD
Through these lessons students will be working on projects such as:
In this unit the students will learn how to create geometric constructions and apply them to 5 or 6 complex culminating projects in CAD.
The students will learn how to use many of the common drawing tools, modify tools, and object snap tools in a CAD program. Practice exercises and a demonstration movie about the exercise is provided.
The final products of this unit are CAD drawings assigned by the instructor for the students to create and have graded by the instructor.
The skills learned would apply to almost all fields of Engineering and Design, such as Mechanical or Electrical engineering.
This unit will cover fundamental drafting techniques used to create orthographic drawings. Often referred to as multiview drawings, orthographic drawings represent different views of a single part that represent the unique features of the part. The technique of orthographic projection is used to transfer similar information from one view to another.
These types of drawings may be produced using manual drafting tools, such as a drafting board, T-square, drawing angles and pencil. They can also can be drawn on a computer using various Computer Aided Drafting software programs.
Engineers and drafters in Mechanical, Electrical and Product Design as well as other areas must understand this fundamental concept to be successful in their fields.
This unit includes basic dimensioning lessons. Lessons included are:
It's a Fine Line
Do You Dimension?
Dimensioning Standards and Techniques
Students will be learning the form of pictorial drawings called Obliques. There are three different types of oblique drawings that the students will be learning, sketching and drawing. Obliques drawings are a combination of orthographic projections and pictorial drawings, giving the viewer a better understanding of what the drawn object looks like when viewed by the eye. This is a form of pictorial drawing that an engineer would use when they need do show details on a particular view and how it relates to the rest of the object.
Students will use a form of pictorial drawing called Isometric drawing to create the types of drawings that are used by engineers, builders, and clients to depict how an object appears to the eye.
This unit can be adapted to either manual board drafting or any form of CAD drafting.
Isometric drawings are a way to create a three-dimensional object in two dimensions.
This unit assumes that students have previous knowledge in Orthographic Projections or Multiview Drawings.
Students will use two forms of pictorial drawing called one and two point perspectives to create the types of drawings that are used by architects, engineers, builders, and clients to depict how an object appears to the eye.
This unit can be adapted to either manual board drafting or any form of CAD drafting.
Perspective drawings are a way to create a three-dimensional object in two dimensions.
This unit will provide learning activities to apply two or more views to describe an object as a working engineering drawing. Both traditional board drafting and CADD techniques are presented.
After learning about Section View drawing techniques, students will sketch and create drawings using CAD software to demonstrate their understanding of these views. There are three powerpoint presentations included to introduce the value and necessity for section view drawings.
These types of drawings are crucial to visualizing mechanical parts and understanding the relationship of multiple parts of an assembly. This skill is required for Engineers, Product Designers and Machining and Manufacturing workers. Section views are also necessary in presenting information related to building construction. Structural details and notes are added to them for a complete explanation of dimensions, materials and construction methods.
Students will complete sketching and CAD drawing assignments that reflect the use of section views in both mechanical and architectural drawings.
The lessons in this unit cover the use of an auxiliary view to project a plane parallel to an incline surface. Student development of auxiliary views will be utilized in working drawings. A unique method of assigning auxiliary drawing problems is included as well as a team drafting (small group project) and a design brief problem.
The lesson in creating working drawings covers the use of detailed and assemblies for manufactured part(s). The major kinds of working drawings that will be covered include: include detailed drawings, assembly drawings, and subassembly drawings.
These lessons utilize previous knowledge from multi-view drawings, sectional views, auxiliary views, notes/notations annotations, and standard dimensioning techniques.
The purpose of this lesson is to provide students a clear understanding of the physical characteristics of the objects that they draw when given an assignment in their drafting class.
Their are many unique features to mechanical parts. The vocabulary terms for these features and the processes used to create them are very valuable knowledge that will allow students to be successful in their drawings and give them the ability to produce accurate work at a faster rate.
This lesson is designed to be given to students early in the school year so that they are prepared and have a strong understanding of the objects that they are asked to reproduce either manually or with computer drafting software.
There is a power point presentation on Machining and Manufacturing Processes that is the bulk of the lesson. There are many concepts, vocabulary terms and techniques covered that can be used throughout the school year to reinforce student learning. Worksheets are also provided to develop and support their understanding.
By applying their knowledge of the machining and manufacturing processes students will demonstrate skills that are necessary in many industries that create products for consumers. They will also be prepared with skills that will give them a stronger understanding of product design.
This is a technical unit for entry level AutoCAD users to direct them through the set up of initial parameters before making a technical drawing in the program. The unit is designed to teach students how to set the basic interface tools for a typical Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) drawing file in decimal format. Students may use these lessons to create a file that can be saved and re-used repeatedly on consecutive drawing files. The parameters executed in this unit are the same as those used in the industry sector where AutoCAD is the program of choice.
Students will be introduced to the concepts of a Computer Assisted Drafting (CAD) program. Students will immediately experience an appreciation and understanding of how CAD can make processes faster and with more accuracy than hand drafting. The students will be shown the interface of a common CAD program and identify the locations and functions of groups of tools, settings, command lines (if appropriate) and other parts of the screen. Students will immediately learn how to input, either with a keyboard or mouse and create various drawing objects such as lines and circles. Element creation and basic editing skills will be learned.
Most skills can be transferred from the CAD program shown (AutoCAD) in this unit to other CAD programs such as SolidWorks or Inventor. The skill sets and progression of skills would be followed no matter which software title is chosen. It is anticipated that instructors could take these lessons and adapt the presentation as necessary to the other CAD programs in use at their educational institution or computer lab.
Students will record their learning competencies on worksheets such as "Parts of the CAD screen". The will edit an office floor plan. They will create and print their first drawing, a sample of all the 2D drawing elements in their CAD program of choice. Finally they will complete a simple drawing "Notched Plate" and print this as well.
After successful completion of this unit, it is suggested that the instructor would progress to the units entitled "Setting up parameters in CAD" and "Cartesian Coordinate Systems" also in the "Engineering and Design 1/2 Group."
The skills learned would apply to almost all fields of Engineering and Design, such as Mechanical or Electrical Engineering.
These projects allow the first/second year students to demonstrate their proficiency at the end of the term.
These projects allow the first/second year students to demonstrate their proficiency through a project that combines a number of skills learned in previous lessons.
This series of four lesson instructs students on the fundamentals of technical writing, leads them through the complex process of writing a set of instructions (for the construction of a simple balsa wood glider) and concludes with the building and flying of the balsa wood glider outlined in their instructions.