Fire Science and Technology - CTE Online Model

by CTE Online Admin

A fire fighter is an emergency safety professional who responds to fire scenes to extinguish fires and assist fire victims. Many fire fighters are certified first responders, meaning they can assist victims by providing CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and other basic life saving techniques. This course provides students with an introduction in the history of fire fighting, basic firefighting skills, personnel rules and regulations, professional organizations and standards, elementary fire behavior, fire control techniques, firefighting tactics and strategy, fire ground safety and operations, apparatus and equipment operation and maintenance, fire investigation, report writing, wild land training, and physical fitness.

From CALPADS: Intermediate Emergency Response (Concentration)

This course provides students with an outline of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system, state and community emergency systems, introduces students to environment citizen emergency assessment, skill development, as well as provides pathophysiology and immediate action and care for various emergencies. It covers techniques of emergency environmental, community action and medical care presently considered within the responsibilities of the first responders, fires service careers, and emphasizes the development of student skills in recognition of symptoms of illnesses and injuries and proper procedures of emergency care. Emphasis is placed on communication, operations, community action and patient care in accordance with the California State EMS Agencies.

Program Information
CTE Certification Elements
California's 2013 CTE Standards (4)
California English Common Core Standards (1)
California's 2008 CTE Standards (23)
California Academic Content Standards (5)
Competencies / Outcomes

1. Earn certificates & competency skills related to public service occupations.

2. Demonstrate a willingness to learn.

3. Demonstrate personal responsibility.

4. Participate actively as a member of a team

5. Communicate professionally with others through verbal, non-verbal and/or written communication.

6. Demonstrate the ability to seek, apply and/or interview for employment and further educational opportunites.

Course Information

A. Pre-requisite: None

B. Abilities required: Ability to follow instructions. Good physical health and ability to perform heavy work tasks.

C. Dress Requirement and Grooming as required by industry standards

D. Fee: Registration fee and materials fee for students varies



1 Hour
Lesson Plans

Fire Science Organization and Responsibility

An introduction into the field of Firefighting. Students will be given an orientation to the service of firefighting, the history, traditions, terminology, organization and operation of the service.

6 Hours

Personal & Occupational Safety and Fitness

20 Hours
Lesson Plans

Fire Fighter Health and Occupational Safety

Firefighting is a very dangerous occupation. Much effort must be taken for both personal safety as well as the safety of those working with each individual. This lesson consists of activities to teach students how to maintain personal and occupational safety at all times.

Firefighters must maintain constant levels of health and fitness. The lessons explain the need for physical fitness and describe the various factors which affect physical performance.

Firefighters must act as a team and is responsible for his/her own safety as well as the safety of the whole team. Occupational safety precautions will be discussed and activities will train students to perform tasks while staying healthy and safe.

10 Hours

Combustion and Fire Behavior

Students will gain a solid understanding of the theories and fundamentals of how and why fires start and spread, as well as how they are controlled. In the Fire Behavior and Combustion course, students will develop and enhance their knowledge of combustion reactions in solids, liquids and gases. In these lessons the physical and chemical properties of combustion, terminology associated with fire and combustion will be learned and students will demonstrate an applied knowledge of fire suppression and fire dynamics.

15 Hours

Protective and Safety Equipment

The business of fire fighting often requires an individual to place him/herself in an environment that is totally hostile, meaning that we as humans are really quite fragile when it comes to superheated and highly toxic atmospheres. This working environment dictates that firefighters shield themselves with a protective shell. Personal protective equipment (PPE) literally becomes a safe environment within that hostile working environment. Students will learn the importance of each article of PPE. Activities will be performed requiring students to don PPE properly, perform firefighting tasks and then doff PPE.

5 Hours

Fire Extinguishers

Fighting fires is the primary responsibility of any fire fighter on the line. In order to make fire fighters more efficient in their work, it is necessary for them to know extinguishing agents,
their capabilities, advantages, and limitations. Without this knowledge, a fire fighter cannot make decisions regarding which agents to use on certain classes of fire which could lead
to further destruction or injury to the fire fighter.

Students will operate portable extinguishers effectively and know the capabilities, advantages, and limitations of each extinguisher available.

10 Hours

Fire Hose Stream Operation, Nozzles and Fittings

The technique of water application is only successful if the amount of water and stream applied is sufficient to put out the fire. Students will possess a good understanding of hose size, nozzle design and flow rates to permit the proper selection of hose and nozzle for a given fire.

10 Hours

Fire Streams

10 Hours

Search and Rescue

The purpose of this section is define rescue and extrication and instroduce basic safety guidlines for conducting a search and rescue operation. After completing this lesson, the student shall be able to summarize procedures and guidelines for rescue operations and perform basic victim removal.

15 Hours

Salvage and Overhaul

Salvage and overhaul are usually conducted in close coordination with each other. The objective of salvage is to protect property and contents by expelling smoke, removing heat, and preventing water damage. Students will be able to state the purpose of salvage and overhaul and will be able to perform both tasks.

Overhaul is the process of searching for and extinguishing hidden fire and embers, a single pocket of embers can cause a rekindle. A fire is not fully extinguished until overhaul is complete which ensures that a fire is completely extinguished.

Ropes, Knots, and Hitches

Life safety rope and related equipment is used for a variety of rescue related functions. This lesson introduces students to the use of ropes and knots on the fire ground. Students will learn how rope is constructed and the materials used in constructing ropes, the advantages and disadvantages of each method of construction, rope nomenclature and elements of a knot, and the care and maintenance of fire service ropes. Students shall correctly identify various knots used for rescue, describe their purpose, and demonstrate tying and applying the knots for various rescue applications.

5 Hours

Hand & Power Tools: Use, Safety, and Maintenance

Hand and power tools help us to easily perform tasks that otherwise would be difficult or impossible. However, these simple tools can be hazardous, and have the potential for causing severe injuries when used or maintained improperly. Special attention toward hand and power tool safety is necessary in order to reduce or eliminate these hazards.

Firefighting hand and power tools are used to perform rescues as well as firefighting. Students will identify different tools and what they are used for. Activities will teach students how to use tools safely and effectively and how to maintain them.

10 Hours


Ladders are called on for a variety of emergency tasks. Firefighters use the ladder as a life safety piece of equipment. After completing this lesson, the student shall be able to safely and effectively select, carry, raise, and work from ladders.

7 Hours

Hazardous Materials & Terrorism Incidents

Special care has to be taken with particular type of incidents, particularly those dealing with hazardous materials and terrorism. In this unit, common hazardous materials, their properties, and their potential dangers will be discussed. Student will learn how to safely use and store these materials in your home.

Incidents of terrorism are on a rise and firefighters need to perform specialized training in order to be prepared. The many forms of terrorism and steps taken to protect yourself and others will also be discussed.

After completing this lesson, the student shall be able to identify the responsibilities of both hazardous materials and terrorism incidents, summarize types of clothing and protection necessary at incidents, and will be able to preplan to preserve life and property.

10 Hours

Fire Detection, Alarms, and Prevention Systems

Preventing a fire from occuring is an important aspect of firefighting. This unit covers fire detection, alarm, and suppression systems. The functions of these systems is introduced, the control valves and operating valves used in sprinkler systems, and applications of sprinkler systems are all discussed. Student will be able to operate various fire detection, alarm, and suppression systems.

10 Hours

Fire Investigation, Cause, and Origin

Firefighters are responsible for every aspect of a fire, including investigating the cause and origin. In this unit, students will learn methods to assess origin and cause, types of evidence,
means to protect various types of evidence, and the role and relationship of Firefighters
with criminal investigators, and insurance investigators in fire investigations.

Students will be able to locate the fire's origin area, recognize possible
causes, identify indicators of an incendiary fire and protect and preserve evidence after a fire and protect the evidence.

10 Hours

Emergency Medical Services

Most fire departments are responsible for emergency medical care as well as fire related calls. Prehospital medical care is responsible for about 70% of all calls firefighters face.

This lesson covers the basic principles of body substance isolation (BSI) and the protective clothing used by responders. This lesson also covers stress, scene safety, and the basics of the circulatory, respiratory and other physiclogical systems. In-depth information is included on resuscitation, rescue breathing, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Finally, different types of bleeding and the signs and symptoms of shock are described.

Students will be able to perform minimum emergency medical care performance capabilities for entry level personnel in accordance with the policy and procedures of the certificating organizations such as American Heart Association, American Red Cross, OSHA, and local governmental departments of health.

40 Hours