Introduction to Health Science and Medical Technology - CTE Online Model

by CTE Online Admin

This competency-based core course is designed for all students seeking a career in the health care field. The course will focus on the concepts and principles of the structure, function and systems of the human body in relationship to human growth and development. Students will learn to recognize problem situations in health care settings as relate to direct and indirect patient care and they will demonstrate the use of critical and creative thinking skills and logical reasoning for problem resolution.

Safety issues, ethical considerations, legal constraints and professional codes will be presented and discussed throughout the course. Students will use the knowledge of disease prevention for the maintenance of optimal health.

Integrated throughout the course are career preparation standards, which include basic academic skills, communication, interpersonal skills, problem solving, workplace safety, technology, and employment literacy.

From CALPADS: Introduction to Health Science and Medical Technology

This Exploratory/Introduction to Health Science and Medical Technology course provides students with the awareness of a variety of career options examining careers that work diagnostic, supportive, and therapeutic services and the requirements to achieve their career goals. Exploratory courses provide the foundational concepts in which students can begin to form future career choices that meet their individual career interest. Students are exposed to the general requirements for various careers in the healthcare field. Exploratory courses provide the basic experiences and activities that will set a foundation for entry into any one of the Health Science and Medical Technology pathways at introductory level courses.

Program Information
CTE Certification Elements
California English Common Core Standards (20)
California Math Common Core Standards (1)
Next Generation Science Standards (22)
California's 2013 CTE Standards (68)
English Common Core Standards (1)
California's 2008 CTE Standards (91)
California Academic Content Standards (37)
Competencies / Outcomes
  • Develop a career plan for an occupation of choice relevant to health care, listing the appropriate classes, certificates, skills and experience required
  • Develp a portfolio, which will include relevant classwork, a resume, and cover letter.
  • Describe the history of health care and health care systems.
  • Identify different types of communication used in the health care setting.
  • Describe the influence of culture on health care practices.
  • Describe ethical and legal issues in the health care setting.
  • Describe medical terminology used in the health care settings.
  • Demonstrate correct and pass the written CPR and Standard First Aid test with at least an 80% accuracy.
  • Diagram the anatomy of the circulatory system as well as the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
  • Identify common disorders of the circulatory system.
  • Describe the Patients Bill of Rights, patient privacy and informed consent.
  • Describe and articulate the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requirements.
  • Complete the Internet activity on the HOSA web-site.
  • Describe what is meant by "working within their scope of practice" and identify the legal ramifications if they breach their scope of practice.
  • Outline the needs for patient confidentiality.
  • Describe the general characterstics that characterize each developmental stage.
  • Identify basic anatomy and physiological systems.
  • Identify common disorders and diseases that occur within the health care setting.
  • Describe safety measures in the workplace.
  • Describe preoperative and postoperative care.
  • Describe common pharmacological agents used in health care settings.
  • Describe the 6 Rights of medication administration.
  • Define stress and identify typical stressors for each developmental stage.
  • Provide examples of ways different cultures feel and deal with stress.
  • Define "living will" and explain its appropriate use.
  • Identify the conditions present for utilizing hospice care.
  • Describe the stages in the dying process.
  • Provide examples of how different cultures view death and dying.
  • Outline the process for determining, interpreting, and accurately documenting required information.
  • Demonstrate how to take an oral temperature, a radial and carotid pulse, measure respirations and take an accurate blood pressure reading.
  • Outline the major food groups and the significance of the food pyramid.
  • Determine their own Body Mass Index (BMI).
  • Describe and present a therapeutic diet of their choice via a PowerPoint presentation.
  • Identify both the physical and mental benefits of regular exercise.
  • Describe symptoms of common nutritional deficiencies.
  • Create or update current resume.
  • Start and desribe a personal organzational system of their choice.
  • Describe common rules and regulations for a given workplace.
  • Outline a career path including training required and possible employment opportunities.
  • Participate in a mock job interview.

Introduction to Health Care

This unit examines the history of health care and health care delivery systems. It also looks at medical advancements and their impact on health care and costs. It will address insurance and third party payor on health care.

This unit also examines the array of health care career opportunities within health care delivery systems and educational requirements for the respective career opportunities. The unit will also address the array and outlook for the respective health care career opportunities.

6 Hours
Community Classroom
0 Hours
0 Hours

Professional Qualities of a Health Care Worker

This unit explores professional comportment and identifies qualities and expectations of health care workers that enhance patient safety and consumer confidence. Identified educational training and career planning,

10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours

Understanding the Patient as a Person

This unit examines the art of providing care and compassion to health care consumers and considers cultural influences and communication approaches in the delivery of care.

10 Hours
Community Classroom
0 Hours
0 Hours

Legal and Ethical Principles

This unit covers ethical and legal issues in health care including the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), confidentialty, patient privacy, informed consent, and the Patient Bill of Rights.

10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
0 Hours

Infection Control and Universal Precautions

This unit examines measures to prevent the spread of diseases, infection control measures, aseptic technique, patient isolation and universal precautions. There are different categories of microorganisms and factors required for growth. Prevention of nosocomial infection is crucial. Infection control involves understanding the chain of infection and methods for breaking the chain. All healthcare workers are required by law to observe standard precautions and must understand the principles of aseptic and sterile technique. They must always obey isolation precautions.

10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours

Prevent the Spread - The Immune System PBL Project

Throughout the course of this project, students will learn about immunity, how diseases are spread, and the importance of infection control. To culminate this Project Based Learning unit, students write, create, and illustrate an educational children's storybook to teach elementary aged children the importance and techniques to prevent the spread of disease.

Workplace Safety and Personal Wellness

This unit examines Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, body mechanics, fire safety and other patient safety protocols. It emphasizes safety first, which is the first step in reducing worker injury and disability.

Lessons still needed:

  • Proper body mechanics (practicing lifting items)
  • Personal safety in the workplace
  • Personal preparedness in the workplace (preparedness kit development)
  • Personal wellness promotion
20 Hours
Community Classroom
20 Hours

Medical Terminology

This unit examines basic medical terminology and includes word roots, prefixes and suffixes. The unit will also terms that are specific to the area of laboratory, pharmacology, and hospital care.

10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
0 Hours

Anatomy and Physiology

This unit provides a basic overview of anatomy and physiological processes. It also covers common disorders, disease, and possible therapeutic interventions. Students will have a generalized sense of all of the body systems and their functions.

20 Hours
Community Classroom
20 Hours

Vital Signs

This unit covers elements of patient assessment. Students will learn about the importance of homeostasis. They learn about the four primary vital signs: temperature, pulse, respiration and blood pressure. They will learn about the different types of temperatures and their averages ranges, as well as how to take an oral temperature. They will learn about the different pulse points and how to take a radial and carotid pulse, as well as how to measure respirations and how to take a blood pressure reading. They also learn how take measure weight and height.

15 Hours
Community Classroom
4 Hours
0 Hours

First Aid, CPR and Health Assessment

This unit examines emergencies in health care setting and teaches first responder approaches including first aid, cardiopulmonary resusciatation and other basic patient assessment. Students will learn the skills required to perform CPR on adults, children, and infants, as well as learn and be certified in standard first aid. Students will also learn how to perform a basic health assessment, and learn best methods for exchanging information. Finally, students will learn about the anatomy and common disorders of the circulatory system.

10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours

Life Stages

This unit examines the developmental stages of an individual's life and the array of issues that are addressed at the various stages.

10 Minutes
Community Classroom
2 Minutes

Healthy Lifestyle STEM Integrated Project

This unit focuses on the various components of a healthy lifestyle which include nutrition and exercise and their benefits to body systems/homeostasis. Moreover, students will research the adverse effects of poor health choices in conjunction with the critical analysis of The Great Gatsby.

The culminating project: Student teams will research, create, produce and present a multimedia Healthy Lifestyle Education Project to local elementary students. This demographic was selected in an effort to address a local community health concern; childhood obesity and childhood diabetes. Additionally, this project affords students the opportunity to explore the field of Public Health while acquiring hands on experience in the creation and delivery of health education topics. Assessment is based on a grading rubric created based on criteria for project.

By the conclusion of this project students will acquire the following skills:

  • Identification of basic structure, functions and nutritional needs of three systems of movement (Skeletal, Muscle and Nervous Systems).
  • Interpretation and application of Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Implementation of recommendations from USDA
  • Effective Teamwork Skills
  • Effective Oral/Presentation Communication Skills
  • Health Literacy Skills
  • Locating, evaluating, understanding and communicating health education topics

In addition to the Health Science and Medical Technology (CTE/STEM focus) of the Healthy Lifestyle Stem integrated lesson, educators will find academic lessons in English and Anatomy and Physiology that supplement the primary core area of study.

Diabetes - A National Epidemic PBL Project

Diabetes has become a National Epidemic. 9.4% of the American population or 30.3 million people had diabetes. It is just as high amongst our senior citizens. It is expected that 1.5 million Americans will be diagnosed annually. 193,000 under the age of 20 are diagnosed with diabetes. And finally, of those diagnosed with diabetes over 55% are minorities. 
Educating our youth will help reduce the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S. and $327 billion in total costs to the economy.

Throughout the course of this project, students will learn about the 3 main types of diabetes, their causes and effects, as well as possible treatment. Students will interview friends and family to get a "real" story they may relate with. Finally, students will learn how to create a healthy plate using governmental guidelines. 

Creating a Public Health Plan PBL Project

This project consists of a series of four lesson plans and serves as an introduction to the fundamental functions of the public health system. The relationship between the public health system and individual health will also be evaluated through the lens of public health best practices and procedures.

The Public Health Plan project provides students with an opportunity to work cooperatively to apply concepts in public health to solve real-world problems. Students will select a health disparity and identify the group most effected by it. They will work in small groups to research the health issue and target population. Students will synthesize their findings in various reports and ultimately present their findings to the class for peer review and final assessment.

Planning for Disaster STEM Integrated Project

In this Project-Based Unit, Students will explore and identify roles of the health care workers regarding man-made or natural disasters, active threats, and health emergencies in their area. Students will form a School Disaster Plan based on natural disasters or hazards that may threaten their school. Students will gain experience categorizing patients using color tags during a mock emergency or disaster situation.

Health Science Medical Terminology / English Language Arts / Grades 9-12

Some of the Activities in this Lesson

  • Handling Stress
  • School Readiness in Crises
  • Emergency
  • Getting Your Message Across
  • The 411 on Medical 411
  • Medical Terms Mixup

After learning the basics of triage in a disaster, developing a medical terminology, managing crisis states, such as an outbreak of a contagion, or an active shooter on campus and managing their own state of stress; students will develop a disaster plan that can be presented to their school officials.

Blood Banks PBL Project

Students will explore the amazing hidden world of blood and blood banks. As they advance their knowledge to the types of cells used in blood banking they can apply this to practicing the routine tests of hematocrit and blood smear analysis. Their capstone project is to prepare an educational slide show to educate their peers as well as potential donors about the detailed use of blood products that originate within one life saving pint of blood. Each donation is indeed a Happy Hour!

Organ Donation PBL Project

This project dives into the topic of organ donation and its importance, including how to overcome the stigma of organ transplants.

Topics covered in this project include the body systems, how our bodies use organs, which organs can be transplanted, and all about tissue transplants. 

At the end of the lesson student will create a brochure on organ donation and write a letter to their parents sharing their wishes regarding organ donation if the student were to pass away suddenly.