Medical, Hospital and Health Careers Model

by CTE Online Admin

This competency-based core course is designed for all students seeking a career in the health care field. The course will focus on the concepts and principles of the structure, function and systems of the human body in relationship to human growth and development. Students will learn to recognize problem situations in health care settings as relate to direct and indirect patient care and they will demonstrate the use of critical and creative thinking skills and logical reasoning for problem resolution.

Safety issues, ethical considerations, legal constraints and professional codes will be presented and discussed throughout the course. Students will use the knowledge of disease prevention for the maintenance of optimal health.

Integrated throughout the course are career preparation standards, which include basic academic skills, communication, interpersonal skills, problem solving, workplace safety, technology, and employment literacy.

Program Information
Industries / Pathways
  • Health Science and Medical Technology
    • Patient Care
Grade Levels
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
Standards
California's 2013 CTE Standards: 4
California's 2008 CTE Standards: 74
Next Generation Science Standards: 1
California English Common Core Standards: 8
California Academic Content Standards: 30
Competencies / Outcomes
  • Develop a career plan for an occupation of choice relevant to health care, listing the appropriate classes, certificates, skills and experience required
  • Develp a portfolio, which will include relevant classwork, a resume, and cover letter.
  • Describe the history of health care and health care systems.
  • Identify different types of communication used in the health care setting.
  • Describe the influence of culture on health care practices.
  • Describe ethical and legal issues in the health care setting.
  • Describe medical terminology used in the health care settings.
  • Demonstrate correct and pass the written CPR and Standard First Aid test with at least an 80% accuracy.
  • Diagram the anatomy of the circulatory system as well as the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
  • Identify common disorders of the circulatory system.
  • Describe the Patients Bill of Rights, patient privacy and informed consent.
  • Describe and articulate the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requirements.
  • Complete the Internet activity on the HOSA web-site.
  • Describe what is meant by "working within their scope of practice" and identify the legal ramifications if they breach their scope of practice.
  • Outline the needs for patient confidentiality.
  • Describe the general characterstics that characterize each developmental stage.
  • Identify basic anatomy and physiological systems.
  • Identify common disorders and diseases that occur within the health care setting.
  • Describe safety measures in the workplace.
  • Describe preoperative and postoperative care.
  • Describe common pharmacological agents used in health care settings.
  • Describe the 6 Rights of medication administration.
  • Define stress and identify typical stressors for each developmental stage.
  • Provide examples of ways different cultures feel and deal with stress.
  • Define "living will" and explain its appropriate use.
  • Identify the conditions present for utilizing hospice care.
  • Describe the stages in the dying process.
  • Provide examples of how different cultures view death and dying.
  • Outline the process for determining, interpreting, and accurately documenting required information.
  • Describe the documentation and storage systems in use in a given health care environment.
  • Formulate and report information clearly and concisely.
  • Demonstrate how to take an oral temperature, a radial and carotid pulse, measure respirations and take an accurate blood pressure reading.
  • Outline the major food groups and the significance of the food pyramid.
  • Determine their own Body Mass Index (BMI).
  • Describe and present a therapeutic diet of their choice via a PowerPoint presentation.
  • Identify both the physical and mental benefits of regular exercise.
  • Describe symptoms of common nutritional deficiencies.
  • Create or update current resume.
  • Start and desribe a personal organzational system of their choice.
  • Describe common rules and regulations for a given workplace.
  • Outline a career path including training required and possible employment opportunities.
  • Participate in a mock job interview.
Prerequisites
  • Satisfactory completion of the Health Careers Academy (HCA) Core, Communications 121, and Health Education 103
  • TB Clearance, Hepatitis B Series, physical exam
  • Basic English and math skills
Units

Nursing as a Career - STEM Integrated Unit

In this unit, students will explore health careers as well as what it is like to be a nurse. Students will also learn about and be able to demonstrate how to take basic vital signs.

In addition to the CTE/STEM focus of the unit/project lessons, educators will find academic lessons in History that supplement the primary core area of study.

The structure of this unit and the materials contained within it were created by Jacqueline Kearns (CTE) and Kristie Banowetz (history) with support from the CTE Online curriculum leadership team and detailed coordination provided by the Course Specialist Sheri Coburn.

CTE
5 Class Periods
History
4 Class Periods
Lesson Plans

Introduction to Health Care

This unit examines the history of health care and health care delivery systems. It also looks at medical advancements and their impact on health care and costs. It will address insurance and third party payor on health care.

Classroom
6 Hours
Community Classroom
0 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Health Care Career Opportunities

This unit examines the array of health care career opportunities within health care delivery systems and educational requirements for the respective career opportunities. The unit will also address the array and outlook for the respective health care career opportunties.

Classroom
20 Hours
Community Classroom
20 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Professional Qualities of a Health Care Worker

This unit explores professional comportment and identifies qualities and expectations of health care workers that enhance patient safety and consumer confidence. Identified educational training and career planning,

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
Lesson Plans

Legal and Ethical Principles

This unit covers ethical and legal issues in health care including the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), confidentialty, patient privacy, informed consent, and the Patient Bill of Rights.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Understanding the Patient as a Person

This unit examines the art of providing care and compassion to health care consumers and considers cultural influences and communication approaches in the delivery of care.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
0 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Infection Control and Universal Precautions

This unit examines measures to prevent the spread of diseases, infection control measures, aseptic technique, patient isolation and universal precautions. There are different categories of microorganisms and factors required for growth. Prevention of nosocomial infection is crucial. Infection control involves understanding the chain of infection and methods for breaking the chain. All healthcare workers are required by law to observe standard precautions and must understand the principles of aseptic and sterile technique. They must always obey isolation precautions.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
Lesson Plans

Workplace Safety

This unit examines Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, body mechanics, fire safety and other patient safety protocols. It emphasizes safety first, which is the first step in reducing worker injury and disability.

Classroom
20 Hours
Community Classroom
20 Hours
Lesson Plans

Medical Terminology

This unit examines basic medical terminology and includes word roots, prefixes and suffixes. The unit will also terms that are specific to the area of laboratory, pharmacology, and hospital care.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Vital Signs

This unit covers elements of patient assessment. Students will learn about the importance of homeostasis. They learn about the four primary vital signs: temperature, pulse, respiration and blood pressure. They will learn about the different types of temperatures and their averages ranges, as well as how to take an oral temperature. They will learn about the different pulse points and how to take a radial and carotid pulse, as well as how to measure respirations and how to take a blood pressure reading. They also learn how take measure weight and height.

Classroom
15 Hours
Community Classroom
4 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Weights, Measures, Metrics

This unit includes anthropometric measurements as well as other health care measurements. It will cover metrical conversions and common pharmacological calculations within the health care setting.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
3 Hours

First Aid, CPR and Health Assessment

This unit examines emergencies in health care setting and teaches first responder approaches including first aid, cardiopulmonary resusciatation and other basic patient assessment. Students will learn the skills required to perform CPR on adults, children, and infants, as well as learn and be certified in standard first aid. Students will also learn how to perform a basic health assessment, and learn best methods for exchanging information. Finally, students will learn about the anatomy and common disorders of the circulatory system.

Classroom
10 Hours
Community Classroom
10 Hours
Lesson Plans

Anatomy and Physiology

This unit provides a basic overview of anatomy and physiological processes. It also covers common disorders, disease, and possible therapeutic interventions. Students will have a generalized sense of all of the body systems and their functions.

Classroom
20 Hours
Community Classroom
20 Hours
Lesson Plans

Health Enhancing Behaviors

This unit explores health enhancing behaviors including optimal nutrition and exercise, minimizing the use of legal substances and the prevention of illicit substances. Students will learn about the importance of good nutrition by determining the nutritional value of each of the food groups. They will learn about different theraputic diets and the relationship between wellness and good nutrition. They will also learn about common disorders due to nutritional deficiencies, and the various benefits of exercise and what BMR is.

Classroom
11 Hours
Community Classroom
11 Hours
CVE
0 Hours
Lesson Plans

Life Stages

This unit examines the developmental stages of an individual's life and the array of issues that are addressed at the various stages.

Classroom
10 Minutes
Community Classroom
2 Minutes
Lesson Plans

Geriatrics

This unit examines the life stage of individual's in their 70s, 80s, and 90s. This age group uses health services frequently, it is important for health care workers to understand the physical, psychological and social effects of aging in order to meet the special needs of the elderly population.

Classroom
3 Hours
Community Classroom
3 Hours
Lesson Plans

Death and Dying

This unit addresses death, dying and the stages of grief. It also examines hospice and palliative care.

Classroom
2 Hours
Community Classroom
2 Hours